Civil War Battles – By State

Battles by State – Summary

Virginia 136 37.4%
Tennessee 37 10.2%
Georgia 30 8.2%
Missouri 28 7.7%
Louisiana 21 5.8%
North Carolina 20 5.5%
Arkansas 16 4.4%
Mississippi 16 4.4%
Kentucky 11 3.0%
South Carolina 11 3.0%
Alabama 7 1.9%
Maryland 6 1.6%
Florida 5 1.4%
Texas 5 1.4%
Oklahoma 4 1.1%
Pennsylvania 3 0.8%
Kansas 3 0.8%
New Mexico 2 0.5%
Ohio 1 0.3%
Indiana 1 0.3%
District of Columbia 1 0.3%
Total 364

Battles by State – Detailed Chronological List

Alabama
Location Date Troops Losses Result
Day’s Gap 30/04/63 2,400 88 US Victory
Athens 26/01/64 700 50 US Victory
Mobile Bay 02/08/64 7,000 1,651 US Victory
Decatur 26/10/64 43,000 355 US Victory
Spanish Fort 27/03/65  Unknown 1,401 US Victory
Fort Blakely 02/04/65 49,000 3,529 US Victory
Selma 02/04/65 18,500 3,059 US Victory
Arkansas
Pea Ridge 06/03/62 27,000 3,384 US Victory
Saint Charles 17/06/62  Unknown 203 US Victory
Cotton Plant 07/07/62 2,400 313 US Victory
Cane Hill 28/11/62 7,000 55 US Victory
Prairie Grove 07/12/62 20,200 2,500 US Victory
Fort Hindman 09/01/63 38,500 6,500 US Victory
Helena 04/07/63  Unknown 1,806 US Victory
Devil’s Backbone 01/09/63  Unknown 127 US Victory
Bayou Fourche 10/09/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Pine Bluff 25/10/63 2,850 96 US Victory
Elkin’s Ferry 03/04/64 16,000 92 US Victory
Prairie D’Ane 09/04/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Poison Spring 18/04/64  Unknown 415 CS Victory
Marks’ Mills 25/04/64  Unknown 1,793 CS Victory
Jenkins’ Ferry 30/04/64 22,000 1,700 US Victory
Old River Lake 05/06/64 7,500 280 US Victory
District of Columbia
Fort Stevens 11/07/64 19,600 823 US Victory
Florida
Santa Rosa Island 09/10/61 1,800 154 US Victory
Saint John’s Bluff 01/10/62  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Fort Brooke 16/10/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Olustee 20/02/64 10,500 2,750 CS Victory
Natural Bridge 06/03/65  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Georgia
Fort Pulaski 10/04/62 10,385 351 US Victory
Fort McAllister 03/03/63  Unknown 9 CS Victory
Davis’ Crossroads 10/09/63  Unknown Unknown Draw
Chickamauga 19/09/63 125,000 34,600 CS Victory
Rossville Gap 26/11/63 5,000 700 US Victory
Ringgold Gap 27/11/63  Unknown 728 CS Victory
First Dalton 22/02/64  Unknown 440 CS Victory
Rocky Face Ridge 07/05/64  Unknown 1,437 US Victory
Resaca 13/05/64 160,000 7,300 Draw
Adairsville 17/05/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
New Hope Church 25/05/64  Unknown 1,950 CS Victory
Dallas 26/05/64 120,000 5,400 US Victory
Pickett’s Mill 27/05/64 17,000 2,100 CS Victory
Marietta 09/06/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Kolb’s Farm 22/06/64  Unknown 1,350 US Victory
Kennesaw Mountain 27/06/64 33,900 4,000 CS Victory
Peachtree Creek 20/07/64 41,800 6,400 US Victory
Atlanta 22/07/64 74,800 12,100 US Victory
Ezra Church 28/07/64 31,700 3,562 CS Victory
Utoy Creek 05/08/64  Unknown 885 CS Victory
Second Dalton 14/08/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Lovejoy’s Station 20/08/64  Unknown 477 CS Victory
Jonesborough 31/08/64  Unknown 3,150 US Victory
Allatoona 05/10/64 5,200 1,606 US Victory
Glasgow 15/10/64 2,300 450 CS Victory
Griswoldville 22/11/64 6,000 1,217 US Victory
Buck Head Creek 28/11/64  Unknown 646 US Victory
Waynesboro, Georgia 04/12/64 10,000 440 US Victory
Second Fort McAllister` 23/12/64 4,120 205 US Victory
Columbus 16/04/65 16,500 140 US Victory
Indiana
Corydon 09/07/63 2,200 65 CS Victory
Kansas
Fort Blair 06/10/63 595 106 CS Victory
Mine Creek 25/10/64 9,600 1,300 US Victory
Marais des Cygnes 25/10/64 9,600 Unknown US Victory
Kentucky
Barbourville 19/09/61 1,100 22 CS Victory
Camp Wildcat 21/10/61 12,400 75 US Victory
Big Sandy Expedition 23/10/61 6,500 222 US Victory
Rowlett’s Station 17/12/61 1,900 130 Draw
Midde Creek 10/01/62 4,600 92 US Victory
Mill Springs 19/01/62 10,300 775 US Victory
Richmond 29/08/62 13,300 5,750 CS Victory
Munfordville 14/09/62  Unknown 4,814 CS Victory
Perryville 08/10/62 38,000 7,600 CS Victory
Paducah 25/03/64 3,650 140 CS Victory
Cynthiana 11/06/64 4,700 2,000 US Victory
Lousiana
Fort Jackson and Fort St Philip 18/04/62 Unknown 1,011 US Victory
Baton Rouge 05/08/62 5,100 848 US Victory
Georgia Landing 27/10/62 5,400 315 US Victory
Fort Bisland 12/04/63  Unknown 684 US Victory
Irish Bend 14/04/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Vermillion Bayou 17/04/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Plains Store 21/05/63  Unknown 250 US Victory
Port Hudson 22/05/63 42,500 17,500 US Victory
Milliken’s Ford 07/06/63  Unknown 837 US Victory
LaFourche Crossing 20/06/63 1,838 267 US Victory
Second Donaldsville 28/06/63  Unknown 324 US Victory
Goodrich’s Landing 29/06/63  Unknown Unknown Draw
Kock’s Plantation 12/07/63  Unknown 463 CS Victory
Stirling’s Plantation 29/09/63 3,650 620 CS Victory
Fort De Russy 14/03/64 10,350 375 US Victory
Mansfield 08/04/64 26,000 3,100 CS Victory
Pleasant Hill 09/04/64 24,100 3,100 US Victory
Blair’s Landing 12/04/64  Unknown 207 US Victory
Monett’s Ferry 23/04/64  Unknown 600 US Victory
Mansura 16/05/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Yellow Bayou 18/05/64  Unknown 860 US Victory
Maryland
South Mountain 14/09/62 46,000 4,900 US Victory
Sharpsburg 17/09/62 114,000 22,700 Draw
Williamsport 06/07/63  Unknown Unknown Draw
Boonsboro 08/07/63  Unknown Unknown Draw
Monocacy 09/07/64 19,800 2,100 CS Victory
Folck’s Mill 01/08/64  Unknown Unknown Draw
Missouri
Boonville 17/06/61 3,200 81 US Victory
Carthage 05/07/61 5,100 244 CS Victory
Wilson’s Creek 10/08/61 17,400 2,549 CS Victory
Dry Wood Creek 02/09/61 6,600 54 CS Victory
First Lexington 13/09/61 15,500 1,874 CS Victory
Liberty 17/09/61 4,100 126 CS Victory
Frederick 17/10/61 4,500  Unknown US Victory
First Springfield 25/10/61 6,000 218 US Victory
Belmont 07/11/61 8,100 1,248 Draw
Mount Zion Church 28/12/61 1,350 315 US Victory
Roan’s Tan Yard 08/01/62 1,250 173 US Victory
Kirksville 06/08/62 3,500 456 US Victory
First Independance 11/08/62 1,150  Unknown CS Victory
Lone Jack 15/08/62 2,800 270 CS Victory
First Newtonia 30/09/62 2,500 345 CS Victory
Clark’s Mill 07/11/62 1,113  Unknown CS Victory
Second Springfield 08/01/63 3,900 521 US Victory
Hartville 09/01/63  Unknown 189 CS Victory
Cape Girardeau 26/04/63 9,000 337 US Victory
Chalk Bluff 01/05/63  Unknown 330 CS Victory
Fort Davidson 27/09/64 13,500 1,684 US Victory
Second Lexington 19/10/64 10,500 Unknown CS Victory
Little Blue River 21/10/64 10,500  Unknown CS Victory
Second Independence 21/10/64 30,500 Unknown CS Victory
Byram’s Ford 22/10/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Westport 23/10/64 30,500 3,000 CS Victory
Marmiton River 25/10/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Second Newtonia 28/10/64  Unknown 650 US Victory
Mississippi
Corinth 29/04/62 185,000 2,000 US Victory
Iuka 19/09/62 7,700 2,290 US Victory
Second Corinth 03/10/62 45,000 6,700 US Victory
Chickasaw Bayou 26/12/62 44,700 1,363 CS Victory
Snyder’s Bluff 29/04/63  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Grand Gulf 29/04/63  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Port Gibson 01/05/63  Unknown 1,648 US Victory
Raymond 12/05/63 16,400 1,266 US Victory
Jackson (Mississippi) 14/05/63  Unknown 1,136 US Victory
Champion Hill 16/05/63 54,000 6,200 US Victory
Big Black River Bridge 17/05/63  Unknown 1,976 US Victory
Vicksburg 18/05/63 110,000 8,000 US Victory
Meridian 14/02/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Okolona 22/02/64 9,500 150 CS Victory
Brice’s Crossroads 10/06/64 11,700 3,102 CS Victory
Tupelo 14/07/64 22,000 1,950 US Victory
North Carolina
Hatteras Inlet 28/08/61 1,835 703 US Victory
Roanoke Island 07/02/62 4,000 2,907 US Victory
New Bern 14/03/62 6,500 1,048 US Victory
Fort Macon 23/03/62 3,050 415 US Victory
South Mills 19/04/62 900 139 CS Victory
Tranter’s Creek 05/05/62 900 40 US Victory
Kinston 14/12/62 14,000 512 US Victory
White Hall 16/12/62 30,250 Unknown Draw
Goldsborough Bridge 17/12/62  Unknown 220 US Victory
Fort Anderson 13/03/63 57,000 Unknown US Victory
Washington 30/03/63 7,500 100 Draw
Plymouth 17/04/64  Unknown 2,800 CS Victory
Albemarle Sound 05/05/64  Unknown 88 Draw
Fort Fisher 23/12/64 11,500 1,880 CS Victory
Second Fort Fisher 13/01/65 11,500 1,880 US Victory
Wilmington 11/02/65 18,000 1,150 US Victory
Wyse Fork 07/03/65 20,500 2,600 US Victory
Monroe’s Crossroads 10/03/65 4,850 269 Draw
Averasborough 16/03/65 31,400 1,547 Draw
Bentonville 19/03/65 81,000 4,100 US Victory
New Mexico
Valverde 20/02/62 5,600 675 CS Victory
Glorieta Pass 26/03/62 2,400 714 CS Victory
Ohio
Salineville 26/07/63 3,400 Unknown US Victory
Oklahoma
Old Fort Wayne 22/10/62 5,000 164 US Victory
Cabin Creek 01/07/63  Unknown 88 US Victory
Honey Springs 17/07/63 6,000 716 US Victory
Middle Boggy 13/02/64  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Pennsylvania
Hanover 30/06/63 11,000 332 Draw
Gettysburg 01/07/63 166,000 46,000 US Victory
Fairfields 03/07/63 1,400 276 CS Victory
South Carolina
Fort Sumter 12/04/61 585 0 CS Victory
James Island 16/06/62 8,600 885 CS Victory
Simmon’s Bluff 21/06/62 600 Unknown US Victory
First Charleston Harbour 07/04/63  Unknown 35 CS Victory
Fort Wagner 10/07/63 3,000 352 CS Victory
Grimball’s Landing 16/07/63 6,800 90 Draw
Second Fort Wagner 18/07/63 6,800 1,675 CS Victory
Second Charleston Harbour 19/07/63  Unknown 875 Draw
Second Fort Sumter 07/09/63 700 Unknown CS Victory
Honey Hill 30/11/64 6,400 793 CS Victory
Rivers’ Bridge 03/02/65 6,200 222 US Victory
Tennessee
Fort Henry 06/02/62 18,000 119 US Victory
Fort Donaldson 11/02/62 40,600 16,537 US Victory
Island Number Ten 28/02/62  Unknown 7,078 US Victory
Shiloh 06/04/62 112,000 23,600 US Victory
First Chattanooga 07/06/62  Unknown 88 US Victory
First Murfreesboro 13/07/62 2,300 1,040 CS Victory
Hatchie’s Bridge 05/10/62  Unknown 900 US Victory
Hartsville 07/12/62 3,700 2,140 CS Victory
Jackson (Tennessee) 19/12/62  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Second Murfreesboro 31/12/62 76,000 25,000 US Victory
Parker’s Cross Roads 31/12/62 4,800 740 CS Victory
Dover 03/02/63 3,300 795 US Victory
Thompson’s Station 05/03/63  Unknown 2,200 CS Victory
Vaught’s Hill 20/03/63 4,800 435 US Victory
Brentwood 25/03/63  Unknown 311 CS Victory
First Franklin 10/04/63  Unknown 237 US Victory
Hoover’s Gap 24/06/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Second Chattanooga 21/08/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Blountville 22/09/63 2,400 192 US Victory
Blue Springs 10/10/63  Unknown 316 US Victory
Wauhatchie 28/10/63  Unknown 828 US Victory
Collierville 03/11/63 3,350 155 US Victory
Campbell’s Station 16/11/63  Unknown 970 US Victory
Orchard Knob 23/11/63 20,600 Unknown US Victory
Lookout Mountain 24/11/63 18,700 1,659 US Victory
Missionary Ridge 25/11/63 100,000 12,500 US Victory
Fort Sanders 29/11/63 3,440 826 US Victory
Bean’s Station 14/12/63  Unknown 1,600 CS Victory
Mossy Creek 29/12/63  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Dandridge 17/01/64  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Fair Garden 27/01/64  Unknown 265 US Victory
Fort Pillow 12/04/64 2,600 675 CS Victory
Second Memphis 21/08/64  Unknown 194 CS Victory
Johnsonville 04/11/64  Unknown 161 CS Victory
Second Franklin 30/11/64 54,000 8,500 US Victory
Third Murfreesboro 05/12/64 15,000 422 US Victory
Nashville 15/12/64 85,000 9,000 US Victory
Texas
First Sabine Pass 24/09/62  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Galveston Harbour 04/10/62  Unknown Unknown US Victory
Second Galveston 01/01/63  Unknown 543 CS Victory
Second Sabine Pass 08/09/63 5,036 Unknown CS Victory
Palmito Ranch 12/05/65 800 126 CS Victory
Virginia
Fairfax Court House 01/06/61 150 16 Draw
Philippi 03/06/61 3,800 30 US Victory
Big Bethel 10/06/61 4,900 80 CS Victory
Hoke’s Run 02/07/61 4,500 114 US Victory
Rich Mountain 11/07/61 6,000 346 US Victory
Blackburn’s Ford 18/07/61 8,100 151 CS Victory
First Manassas 21/07/61 70,000 4,878 CS Victory
Kessler’s Cross Lanes 26/08/61 4,200 285 CS Victory
Carnifex Ferry 10/09/61 7,000 Unknown US Victory
Cheat Mountain 12/09/61 8,000 Unknown US Victory
Greenbrier River 03/10/61 6,800 85 Draw
Ball’s Bluff 21/10/61 3,400 1,155 CS Victory
Dranesville 20/12/61 9,000 300 US Victory
Hampton Roads 08/03/62  Unknown 463 Draw
First Kernstown 23/03/62 9,500 1,308 US Victory
Fair Oaks 31/03/62 73,000 11,000 Draw
Yorktown 05/04/62 157,000 482 Draw
Williamsburg 05/05/62 73,000 3,965 Draw
Etham’s Landing 07/05/62 22,300 242 Draw
McDowell 08/05/62 12,500 679 CS Victory
Drewry’s Bluff 15/05/62  Unknown 39 CS Victory
Princeton Courthouse 15/05/62  Unknown 129 CS Victory
Front Royal 23/05/62 4,000 809 CS Victory
First Winchester 25/05/62 22,500 2,400 CS Victory
Hanover Courthouse 27/05/62 16,000 1,330 US Victory
Cross Keys 08/06/62 17,500 951 CS Victory
Port Republic 09/06/62 9,500 1,816 CS Victory
Oak Grove 25/06/62 6,600 1,067 Draw
The Seven Days 25/06/62 196,000 36,000 CS Victory
Garnett and Golding’s Farm 27/06/62 4,500 627 Draw
Gaine’s Mill 27/06/62 91,000 14,800 CS Victory
Savage’s Station 29/06/62 40,500 1,475 Draw
Mechanicsville 29/06/62 31,600 1,861 US Victory
White Oak Swamp 30/06/62  Unknown 115 Draw
Glendale 30/06/62 85,000 7,300 Draw
Malvern Hill 01/07/62 109,000 7,700 US Victory
Cedar Mountain 09/08/62 25,000 3,600 CS Victory
First Rappahanock Station 22/08/62  Unknown 225 Draw
Manassas Station 25/08/62  Unknown 1,273 CS Victory
Thoroughfare Gap 28/08/62 33,000 Unknown CS Victory
Second Manassas 28/08/62 112,000 18,300 CS Victory
Chantilly 01/09/62 26,000 2,100 CS Victory
Harper’s Ferry 12/09/62 42,000 12,286 CS Victory
Shepherdstown 19/09/62  Unknown 654 CS Victory
Fredericksburg 11/12/62 188,000 17,900 CS Victory
Kelly’s Ford 17/03/63 2,900 211 Draw
Suffolk (Norfleet House) 11/04/63 37,000 Unknown Draw
Suffolk (Hill’s Point) 11/04/63  Unknown 160 Draw
Chancellorsville 30/04/63 195,000 30,300 CS Victory
Second Fredericksburg 03/05/63 37,000 Unknown US Victory
Salem Church 03/05/63 35,000 Unknown CS Victory
Brandy Station 09/06/63 20,500 1,430 Draw
Second Winchester 13/06/63 19,500 4,719 CS Victory
Middleburg 17/06/63  Unknown 390 Draw
Aldie 17/06/63 3,500 400 Draw
Upperville 21/06/63  Unknown Unknown Draw
Buffington Island 19/07/63 4,700 925 US Victory
Manassas Gap 23/07/63  Unknown Unknown Draw
Auburn 13/10/63 5,000  Unknown Draw
Bristoe Station 14/10/63 25,600 1,940 US Victory
Second Auburn 14/10/63  Unknown 113 Draw
Buckland Mills 19/10/63  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Droop Mountain 06/11/63 6,200 394 US Victory
Second Rappahannock Station 07/11/63 4,000 2,089 US Victory
Mine Run 27/11/63 129,000 1,880 Draw
Marton’s Ford 06/02/64  Unknown 322 Draw
Walkerton 02/03/64  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Wilson’s Wharf 24/04/64 3,600 246 US Victory
Wilderness 05/05/64 163,000 28,600 Draw
Port Walthall Junction 06/05/64 10,600 Unknown CS Victory
Spotsylvania Courthouse 08/05/64 152,000 31,700 Draw
Cloyd’s Mountain 09/05/64 8,500 1,226 US Victory
Swift Creek 09/05/64 18,200 990 Draw
Chester Station 10/05/64 5,400 529 Draw
Cove Mountain 10/05/64 6,500 Unknown Draw
Yellow Tavern 11/05/64 17,000 925 US Victory
Proctor’s Creek 12/05/64 48,000 Unknown CS Victory
New Market 15/05/64 10,300 1,380 CS Victory
Ware Bottom Church 20/05/64 10,000 1,500 CS Victory
North Anna 23/05/64 121,000 5,100 Draw
Haw’s Shop 28/05/64 8,500 743 Draw
Bethesda Church 28/05/64  Unknown 1,931 Draw
Old Church 30/05/64 7,000 278 US Victory
Cold Harbor 31/05/64 167,000 17,300 CS Victory
Piedmont 05/06/64 14,000 2,375 US Victory
First Petersburg 09/06/64 7,000 120 CS Victory
Trevilian Station 11/06/64 16,000 1,813 CS Victory
Second Petersburg 15/06/64 100,000 15,300 CS Victory
Lynchburg 17/06/64 31,000 81 CS Victory
Jerusalem Plank Road 21/06/64 35,000 3,572 Draw
Saint Mary’s Church 24/06/64 6,100 600 Draw
Staunton River Bridge 25/06/64 9,100 150 CS Victory
Sappony Church 28/06/64 9,000 Unknown CS Victory
Ream’s Station 29/06/64 11,000 Unknown CS Victory
Cool Spring 17/07/64 13,000 822 CS Victory
Rutherford’s Farm 20/07/64 5,700 670 US Victory
Second Kernstown 24/07/64 24,000 1,800 CS Victory
First Deep Bottom 27/07/64  Unknown 1,167 CS Victory
Moorefield 07/08/64 4,800 530 CS Victory
Deep Bottom 14/08/64 48,000 4,400 CS Victory
Guard Hill 16/08/64  Unknown 551 Draw
Globe Tavern 18/08/64 35,000 5,900 US Victory
Summit Point 21/08/64  Unknown Unknown Draw
Smithfield Crossing 25/08/64  Unknown Unknown Draw
Second Ream’s Station 25/08/64 18,000 3,514 CS Victory
Berryville 03/09/64  Unknown 609 Draw
Third Winchester 19/09/64 52,000 8,600 US Victory
Fisher’s Hill 21/09/64 39,500 1,728 US Victory
Chaffin’s Farm 29/09/64 41,100 5,400 US Victory
Peebles’s Farm 30/09/64 40,000 4,000 US Victory
Saltville 02/10/64 5,300 Unknown CS Victory
Darbytown and New Market Roads 07/10/64  Unknown 1,158 US Victory
Tom’s Brook 09/10/64 9,800 407 US Victory
Darbytown Road 13/10/64  Unknown Unknown CS Victory
Cedar Creek 19/10/64 52,600 8,600 US Victory
Boydton Plank Road 27/10/64 41,600 3,000 Draw
Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road 27/10/64  Unknown 1,700 CS Victory
Marion 17/12/64 6,500 250 US Victory
Second Saltville 20/12/64 7,300 Unknown US Victory
Hatcher’s Run 05/02/65 48,500 2,600 US Victory
Waynesboro, Virginia 02/03/65 4,100 Unknown US Victory
Fort Stedman 25/03/65 25,000 5,000 US Victory
Lewis’s Farm 29/03/65 25,000 752 US Victory
White Oak Road 31/03/65 30,000 2,600 US Victory
Dinwiddie Court House 31/03/65 65,200 1,114 CS Victory
Five Forks 01/04/65 32,600 3,780 US Victory
Sutherland’s Station 02/04/65 4,500 970 US Victory
Third Petersburg 02/04/65 134,400 7,700 US Victory
Namozine Church 03/04/65 1,700 460 Draw
Amelia Springs 05/04/65  Unknown 258 Draw
High Bridge 06/04/65 2,080 950 Draw
Rice’s Station 06/04/65 14,300 Unknown US Victory
Sayler’s Creek 06/04/65 26,500 8,850 US Victory
Cumberland Church 07/04/65 12,600 910 CS Victory
Appomattox Station 08/04/65 7,000 1,700 US Victory
Appomattox Court House 09/04/65 128,000 664 US Victory

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Civil War Generals – Consolidated Defeats

Robert Edward Lee Confederate 12
John Sappington Marmaduke Confederate 9
John Bell Hood Confederate 7
Richard Taylor Confederate 6
Jubal Anderson Early Confederate 6
Braxton Bragg Confederate 6
Benjamin Franklin Butler Union 6
Joseph Eggleston Johnston Confederate 6
William Tecumsah Sherman Union 5
Joseph Wheeler Confederate 5
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks Union 4
Earl Van Dorn Confederate 4
Quincy Adams Gillmore Union 4
John Hunt Morgan Confederate 4
Sterling Price Confederate 4
James Longstreet Confederate 4
James Harrison Wilson Union 3
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick Union 3
Nathan Bedford Forrest Confederate 3
Ambrose Powell Hill Confederate 3
John Cabell Breckinridge Confederate 3
Winfield Scott Hancock Union 3
Joseph Orville Shelby Confederate 2
James Ewell Brown Stuart Confederate 2
Irwin McDowell Union 2
George Brinton McClellan Union 2
John Bowen Confederate 2
John Brown Gordon Confederate 2
Franz Sigel Union 2
John Buchanan Floyd Confederate 2
Joseph Hooker Union 2
Lawrence Branch Confederate 2
William Martin Confederate 2
Thomas Carmichael Hindman Confederate 2
Ulysses Hiram Grant Union 2
Thomas Jonathan Jackson Confederate 2
Daniel Harvey Hill Confederate 2
Douglas Cooper Confederate 2
Samuel Ryan Curtis Union 2
Samuel Davis Sturgis Union 2
John Clifford Pemberton Confederate 2
Philip Henry Sheridan Union 2
Matthew Butler Confederate 1
Stephen Lee Confederate 1
Joseph Porter Confederate 1
Nathan George Evans Confederate 1
Stand Waite Confederate 1
St John Riddell Confederate 1
Samuel French Confederate 1
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard Confederate 1
Moses White Confederate 1
Julian Frazer Confederate 1
Samuel Barron Confederate 1
Richard Stoddert Ewell Confederate 1
Micah Jenkins Confederate 1
Lt Col John Jumper Confederate 1
Lafayette McLaws Confederate 1
Maj John Wescott Confederate 1
Moses Wright Hannon Confederate 1
Maj J Irvine Confederate 1
Maj George Anderson Confederate 1
Richard Heron Anderson Confederate 1
Randall Gibson Confederate 1
Leonidas Polk Confederate 1
Lloyd Tilghman Confederate 1
Reuben Walker Confederate 1
Robert Garnett Confederate 1
Edmund Kirby-Smith Confederate 1
John Gregg Confederate 1
George Crittenden Confederate 1
George Alexander Porterfield Confederate 1
Franklin Gardner Confederate 1
Franklin Buchanan Confederate 1
Frank Powers Confederate 1
Fitzhugh Lee Confederate 1
George Singletary Confederate 1
Edmund Smith Confederate 1
Hamilton Bee Confederate 1
Colton Greene Confederate 1
Charles Hopkins Confederate 1
Carter Stevenson Confederate 1
Caleb Dorsey Confederate 1
Bushrod Rust Johnson Confederate 1
Alfred Moulton Confederate 1
Alexander Stewart Confederate 1
Albert Sidney Johnson Confederate 1
Felix Zollicoffer Confederate 1
James Major Confederate 1
Joseph Cook Confederate 1
Johnson Kelly Duncan Confederate 1
John Williams Confederate 1
John Poindexter Confederate 1
John McCown Confederate 1
John Echols Confederate 1
William Byrd Confederate 1
George Pickett Confederate 1
James McCulloch Confederate 1
Joseph Fry Confederate 1
James Holtzclaw Confederate 1
James Chambers Confederate 1
James Carter Confederate 1
Humphrey Marshall Confederate 1
Howard Cobb Confederate 1
Henry Wise Confederate 1
Henry McCulloch Confederate 1
Henry Heth Confederate 1
Jeff Thompson Confederate 1
John Kenley Union 1
Thomas Rosser Confederate 1
Lew Wallace Union 1
Joseph Leake Union 1
John Wilder Union 1
John Slough Union 1
John Sedgwick Union 1
John Scott Union 1
John Rogers Union 1
Lionel Booth Union 1
John Newton Union 1
Oliver Howard Union 1
John Hatch Union 1
John Gubb Parke Union 1
John Fremont Union 1
John Coburn Union 1
John Bullock Union 1
Jesse Reno Union 1
Jeremish Sullivan Union 1
Jamse Blunt Union 1
James Williams Union 1
John Pope Union 1
Stephen Hicks Union 1
William Woods Averell Union 1
William Vandever Union 1
William Starke Rosecrans Union 1
William Smith Union 1
William Renshaw Union 1
William Nelson Union 1
William Buel Franklin Union 1
Truman Seymour Union 1
Lewis Jordon Union 1
Theodore Barrett Union 1
James Pond Union 1
Stephen Burbridge Union 1
Samuel Starr Union 1
Samuel Merrill Union 1
Samuel Francis DuPont Union 1
Robert Milroy Union 1
Robert McIlroy Union 1
Robert Anderson Union 1
Philip Kearny Union 1
P Drayton Union 1
Thomas Crittenden Union 1
Adolph Englemann Union 1
Don Carlos Buell Union 1
Dixon Miles Union 1
David Hunter Union 1
David Dixon Porter Union 1
Charles Thompson Union 1
Charles Stone Union 1
Cadwallader Washburn Union 1
Andrew A Humphreys Union 1
James Shields Union 1
Alfred Howe Terry Union 1
Emory Foster Union 1
Absalom Moore Union 1
William Edmondson Jones Confederate 1
William Cabell Confederate 1
Tom Green Confederate 1
Albert Jenkins Confederate 1
Thomas Green Confederate 1
Thomas Clingham Confederate 1
Thomas Churchill Confederate 1
Theophilus Holmes Confederate 1
Ambrose Burnside Union 1
Godfrey Weitzel Union 1
Stephen Ramsuer Confederate 1
James Mulligan Union 1
James Lane Union 1
James Gillpatrick Blunt Union 1
James Buel Union 1
Jacob Cox Union 1
Issac Black Union 1
Horatio Wright Union 1
Hiram Barstow Union 1
Edward Bloodgood Union 1
Henry Benham Union 1
Edward Canby Union 1
George Taylor Union 1
George R Crook Union 1
George Henry Thomas Union 1
Frederick Saloman Union 1
Francis Marion Drake Union 1
Francis Blair Union 1
Fitz John Porter Union 1
Erastus Tyler Union 1
James Ricketts Union 1
Henry Wessells Union 1

Civil War Generals – Consolidated Victories

Ulysses Hiram Grant Union 11
Nathan Bedford Forrest Confederate 10
Robert Edward Lee Confederate 9
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard Confederate 8
Thomas Jonathan Jackson Confederate 8
William Tecumsah Sherman Union 8
Sterling Price Confederate 7
Philip Henry Sheridan Union 7
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks Union 7
James Gillpatrick Blunt Union 6
Ambrose Burnside Union 5
William Starke Rosecrans Union 5
Gouverneur Kemble Warren Union 5
George Brinton McClellan Union 4
Joseph Eggleston Johnston Confederate 4
Jubal Anderson Early Confederate 4
John McAllister Schofield Union 4
James Longstreet Confederate 4
George Henry Thomas Union 3
John Sappington Marmaduke Confederate 3
John Gray Foster Union 3
Fitzhugh Lee Confederate 3
John McNeil Union 3
Richard Stoddert Ewell Confederate 3
Frederick Steele Union 3
David Glasgow Farragut Union 2
James Harrison Wilson Union 2
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick Union 2
Samuel Davis Sturgis Union 2
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne Confederate 2
George Stoneman Union 2
John Hunt Morgan Confederate 2
Robert Hoke Confederate 2
Nathan George Evans Confederate 2
Braxton Bragg Confederate 2
Thomas Green Confederate 2
Wade Hampton III Confederate 2
Edward Canby Union 2
William Woods Averell Union 2
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss Union 2
Andrew Smith Union 2
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert Union 2
Alfred Pleasonton Union 2
George Gordon Meade Union 2
Joseph Mower Union 2
John Bell Hood Confederate 2
Joseph Hooker Union 2
John Gubb Parke Union 2
John Bankhead Magruder Confederate 2
A Rhind Union 1
James Fagan Confederate 1
Ambrose Wright Confederate 1
Vard Cockrell Confederate 1
James Ewell Brown Stuart Confederate 1
William Clarke Quantrill Confederate 1
William Edmondson Jones Confederate 1
Felix Zollicoffer Confederate 1
William Jackson Confederate 1
William Pendleton Confederate 1
Edmund Kirby-Smith Confederate 1
William Talliaferro Confederate 1
A Semmes Union 1
Abel Streight Union 1
Abner Harding Union 1
Albert Hall Union 1
Henry Sibley Confederate 1
Albert Stickney Union 1
Gov Clairborne Jackson Confederate 1
Albin Schoef Union 1
Ambrose Powell Hill Confederate 1
George Pickett Confederate 1
George A Anderson Confederate 1
Humphrey Marshall Confederate 1
John Burbridge Confederate 1
John McCausland Confederate 1
John Ford Confederate 1
Johnson Hagood Confederate 1
John Clifford Pemberton Confederate 1
Earl Van Dorn Confederate 1
Alexander McDowell McCook Union 1
Douglas Cooper Confederate 1
Louis Hebert Confederate 1
Lt Richard Dowling Confederate 1
Ebeneezer Farrand Confederate 1
Simon Buckner Confederate 1
John Cabell Breckinridge Confederate 1
Chester Clarke Confederate 1
Joseph Finegan Confederate 1
Richard Heron Anderson Confederate 1
Charles Pyron Confederate 1
John Buchanan Floyd Confederate 1
Richard Taylor Confederate 1
John Bowen Confederate 1
Charles Colcock Confederate 1
Cadmus Wilcox Confederate 1
John Hughes Confederate 1
Sam Jones Confederate 1
David Atchison Confederate 1
John Sedgwick Union 1
Nelson Miles Union 1
Nathaniel Lyon Union 1
Nathan Kimball Union 1
Lovell Rousseau Union 1
Joseph Plummer Union 1
Joseph Jones Reynolds Union 1
John Alexander McClernand Union 1
John Wilder Union 1
Robert Granger Union 1
John Pope Union 1
John Gibbon Union 1
John Fitz Porter Union 1
John Davidson Union 1
John Corse Union 1
Christopher Augur Union 1
Joseph Bullen Union 1
Thomas Ewing Union 1
William Renshaw Union 1
William Ord Union 1
William Nelson Union 1
William Hazen Union 1
William Cloud Union 1
W Torrance Union 1
Peter Osterhaus Union 1
Thomas Smith Union 1
Powell Clayton Union 1
Thomas Armstrong Morris Union 1
Stephen Burbridge Union 1
Silas Stringham Union 1
Samuel Ryan Curtis Union 1
Samuel Francis DuPont Union 1
Robert Patterson Union 1
James Williams Union 1
Thomas Williams Union 1
Alfred Jackson Confederate 1
Egbert Brown Union 1
Edward Wild Union 1
Edward Ord Union 1
Edward Hobson Union 1
Edward Hatch Union 1
David Porter Union 1
John Brannan Union 1
David Bell Birney Union 1
Francis Osborne Union 1
Charles Zagonyi Union 1
Charles Willette Union 1
Charles Walcutt Union 1
Charles Hovey Union 1
Benjamin Franklin Butler Union 1
Andrew A Humphreys Union 1
David Hunter Union 1
Harvey Brown Union 1
James Steedman Union 1
James Shackleford Union 1
James Scott Negley Union 1
James Garfield Union 1
James Birdseye McPherson Union 1
Hiram Anderson Union 1
Emil Adams Union 1
Henry Halleck Union 1
Francis Blair Union 1
Graham Fitch Union 1
Gordon Granger Union 1
Godfrey Weitzel Union 1
George R Crook Union 1
George Armstrong Custer Union 1
Frederick Crocker Union 1
Alfred Howe Terry Union 1
Hermann Leib Union 1

Battles of the American Civil War – Chronological Order

Location Date Troops Result
Fort Sumter, SC 12/04/61 585 CS Victory
Fairfax Court House, VA 01/06/61 150 Draw
Philippi, VA 03/06/61 3,800 US Victory
Big Bethel, VA 10/06/61 4,900 CS Victory
Boonville, MO 17/06/61 3,200 US Victory
Hoke’s Run, VA 02/07/61 4,500 US Victory
Carthage, MO 05/07/61 5,100 CS Victory
Rich Mountain, VA 11/07/61 6,000 US Victory
Blackburn’s Ford, VA 18/07/61 8,100 CS Victory
First Manassas, VA 21/07/61 70,000 CS Victory
Wilson’s Creek, MO 10/08/61 17,400 CS Victory
Kessler’s Cross Lanes, VA 26/08/61 4,200 CS Victory
Hatteras Inlet, NC 28/08/61 1,835 US Victory
Dry Wood Creek, MO 02/09/61 6,600 CS Victory
Carnifex Ferry, VA 10/09/61 7,000 US Victory
Cheat Mountain, VA 12/09/61 8,000 US Victory
First Lexington, MO 13/09/61 15,500 CS Victory
Liberty, MO 17/09/61 4,100 CS Victory
Barbourville, KY 19/09/61 1,100 CS Victory
Greenbrier River, VA 03/10/61 6,800 Draw
Santa Rosa Island, FL 09/10/61 1,800 US Victory
Frederick, MO 17/10/61 4,500 US Victory
Ball’s Bluff, VA 21/10/61 3,400 CS Victory
Camp Wildcat, KY 21/10/61 12,400 US Victory
Big Sandy Expedition, KY 23/10/61 6,500 US Victory
First Springfield, MO 25/10/61 6,000 US Victory
Belmont, MO 07/11/61 8,100 Draw
Rowlett’s Station, KY 17/12/61 1,900 Draw
Dranesville, VA 20/12/61 9,000 US Victory
Mount Zion Church, MO 28/12/61 1,350 US Victory
Roan’s Tan Yard, MO 08/01/62 1,250 US Victory
Midde Creek, KY 10/01/62 4,600 US Victory
Mill Springs, KY 19/01/62 10,300 US Victory
Fort Henry, TN 06/02/62 18,000 US Victory
Roanoke Island, NC 07/02/62 4,000 US Victory
Fort Donaldson, TN 11/02/62 40,600 US Victory
Valverde, NM 20/02/62 5,600 CS Victory
Island Number Ten, TN 28/02/62  Unknown US Victory
Pea Ridge, AR 06/03/62 27,000 US Victory
Hampton Roads, VA 08/03/62 Unknown Draw
New Bern, NC 14/03/62 6,500 US Victory
Fort Macon, NC 23/03/62 3,050 US Victory
First Kernstown, VA 23/03/62 9,500 US Victory
Glorieta Pass, NM 26/03/62 2,400 CS Victory
Yorktown, VA 05/04/62 157,000 Draw
Shiloh, TN 06/04/62 112,000 US Victory
Fort Pulaski, GA 10/04/62 10,385 US Victory
Fort Jackson and Fort St Philip, LA 18/04/62  Unknown US Victory
South Mills, NC 19/04/62 900 CS Victory
Corinth, MS 29/04/62 185,000 US Victory
Williamsburg, VA 05/05/62 73,000 Draw
Tranter’s Creek, NC 05/05/62 900 US Victory
Etham’s Landing, VA 07/05/62 22,300 Draw
McDowell, VA 08/05/62 12,500 CS Victory
Princeton Courthouse, VA 15/05/62 Unknown CS Victory
Drewry’s Bluff, VA 15/05/62   Unknown CS Victory
Front Royal, VA 23/05/62 4,000 CS Victory
First Winchester, VA 25/05/62 22,500 CS Victory
Hanover Courthouse, VA 27/05/62 16,000 US Victory
Fair Oaks, VA 31/05/62 73,000 Draw
First Chattanooga, TN 07/06/62  Unknown US Victory
Cross Keys, VA 08/06/62 17,500 CS Victory
Port Republic, VA 09/06/62 9,500 CS Victory
James Island, SC 16/06/62 8,600 CS Victory
Saint Charles, AR 17/06/62  Unknown US Victory
Simmon’s Bluff, SC 21/06/62 600 US Victory
The Seven Days, VA (start) 25/06/62 196,000 CS Victory
Oak Grove, VA 25/06/62 6,600 Draw
Mechanicsville 26/06/62 31,600 US Victory
Gaine’s Mill, VA 27/06/62 91,000 CS Victory
Garnett and Goulding’s Farm, VA 28/06/62 4,500 Draw
Savage’s Station, VA 29/06/62 40,500 Draw
White Oak Swamp, VA 30/06/62  Unknown Draw
Glendale, VA 30/06/62 85,000 Draw
Malvern Hill, VA 01/07/62 109,000 US Victory
Cotton Plant, AR 07/07/62 2,400 US Victory
First Murfreesboro, TN 13/07/62 2,300 CS Victory
Baton Rouge, LA 05/08/62 5,100 US Victory
Kirksville, MO 06/08/62 3,500 US Victory
Cedar Mountain, VA 09/08/62 25,000 CS Victory
First Independance, MO 11/08/62 1,150 CS Victory
Lone Jack, MO 15/08/62 2,800 CS Victory
First Rappahanock Station, VA 22/08/62  Unknown Draw
Manassas Station, VA 25/08/62  Unknown CS Victory
Second Manassas, VA 28/08/62 112,000 CS Victory
Thoroughfare Gap, VA 28/08/62 33,000 CS Victory
Richmond, KY 29/08/62 13,300 CS Victory
Chantilly, VA 01/09/62 26,000 CS Victory
Harper’s Ferry, VA 12/09/62 42,000 CS Victory
Munfordville, KY 14/09/62  Unknown CS Victory
South Mountain, MD 14/09/62 46,000 US Victory
Sharpsburg, MD 17/09/62 114,000 Draw
Shepherdstown, VA 19/09/62  Unknown CS Victory
Iuka, MS 19/09/62 7,700 US Victory
First Sabine Pass, TX 24/09/62  Unknown US Victory
First Newtonia, MO 30/09/62 2,500 CS Victory
Saint John’s Bluff, FL 01/10/62  Unknown US Victory
Second Corinth, MS 03/10/62 45,000 US Victory
Galveston Harbour, TX 04/10/62  Unknown US Victory
Hatchie’s Bridge, TN 05/10/62  Unknown US Victory
Peryville, KY 08/10/62 38,000 CS Victory
Old Fort Wayne, OK 22/10/62 5,000 US Victory
Georgia Landing, LA 27/10/62 5,400 US Victory
Clark’s Mill, MO 07/11/62 1,113 CS Victory
Cane Hill, AR 28/11/62 7,000 US Victory
Prairie Grove, AR 07/12/62 20,200 US Victory
Hartsville, TN 07/12/62 3,700 CS Victory
Fredericksburg, VA 11/12/62 188,000 CS Victory
Kinston, NC 14/12/62 14,000 US Victory
White Hall, NC 16/12/62 30,250 Draw
Goldsborough Bridge, NC 17/12/62  Unknown US Victory
Jackson (Tennessee), TN 19/12/62  Unknown CS Victory
Chickasaw Bayou, MS 26/12/62 44,700 CS Victory
Parker’s Cross Roads, TN 31/12/62 4,800 CS Victory
Second Murfreesboro, TN 31/12/62 76,000 US Victory
Second Galveston, TX 01/01/63  Unknown CS Victory
Second Springfield, MO 08/01/63 3,900 US Victory
Fort Hindman, AR 09/01/63 38,500 US Victory
Hartville, MO 09/01/63  Unknown CS Victory
Dover, TN 03/02/63 3,300 US Victory
Fort McAllister, GA 03/03/63  Unknown CS Victory
Thompson’s Station, TN 05/03/63  Unknown CS Victory
Fort Anderson, NC 13/03/63 57,000 US Victory
Kelly’s Ford, VA 17/03/63 2,900 Draw
Vaught’s Hill, TN 20/03/63 4,800 US Victory
Brentwood, TN 25/03/63 Unknown CS Victory
Washington, NC 30/03/63 7,500 Draw
First Charleston Harbour, SC 07/04/63  Unknown CS Victory
First Franklin, TN 10/04/63  Unknown US Victory
Suffolk (Norfleet House), VA 11/04/63 37,000 Draw
Suffolk (Hill’s Point), VA 11/04/63  Unknown Draw
Fort Bisland, LA 12/04/63  Unknown US Victory
Irish Bend, LA 14/04/63  Unknown US Victory
Vermillion Bayou, LA 17/04/63  Unknown US Victory
Cape Girardeau, MO 26/04/63 9,000 US Victory
Grand Gulf, MS 29/04/63  Unknown CS Victory
Snyder’s Bluff, MS 29/04/63  Unknown CS Victory
Day’s Gap, AL 30/04/63 2,400 US Victory
Chancellorsville, VA 30/04/63 195,000 CS Victory
Port Gibson, MS 01/05/63  Unknown US Victory
Chalk Bluff, MO 01/05/63  Unknown CS Victory
Second Fredericksburg, VA 03/05/63 37,000 US Victory
Salem Church, VA 03/05/63 35,000 CS Victory
Raymond, MS 12/05/63 16,400 US Victory
Jackson (Mississippi), MS 14/05/63  Unknown US Victory
Champion Hill, MS 16/05/63 54,000 US Victory
Big Black River Bridge, MS 17/05/63  Unknown US Victory
Vicksburg, MS 18/05/63 110,000 US Victory
Plains Store, LA 21/05/63  Unknown US Victory
Port Hudson, LA 22/05/63 42,500 US Victory
Milliken’s Ford, LA 07/06/63  Unknown US Victory
Brandy Station, VA 09/06/63 20,500 Draw
Second Winchester, VA 13/06/63 19,500 CS Victory
Aldie, VA 17/06/63 3,500 Draw
Middleburg, VA 17/06/63  Unknown Draw
LaFourche Crossing, LA 20/06/63 1,838 US Victory
Upperville, VA 21/06/63  Unknown Draw
Hoover’s Gap, TN 24/06/63  Unknown US Victory
Second Donaldsville, LA 28/06/63  Unknown US Victory
Goodrich’s Landing, LA 29/06/63  Unknown Draw
Hanover, PA 30/06/63 11,000 Draw
Cabin Creek, OK 01/07/63  Unknown US Victory
Gettysburg, PA 01/07/63 166,000 US Victory
Fairfields, PA 03/07/63 1,400 CS Victory
Helena, AR 04/07/63  Unknown US Victory
Williamsport, MD 06/07/63  Unknown Draw
Boonsboro, MD 08/07/63  Unknown Draw
Corydon, IN 09/07/63 2,200 CS Victory
Fort Wagner, SC 10/07/63 3,000 CS Victory
Kock’s Plantation, LA 12/07/63  Unknown CS Victory
Grimball’s Landing, SC 16/07/63 6,800 Draw
Honey Springs, OK 17/07/63 6,000 US Victory
Second Fort Wagner, SC 18/07/63 6,800 CS Victory
Second Charleston Harbour, SC 19/07/63  Unknown Draw
Buffington Island, VA 19/07/63 4,700 US Victory
Manassas Gap, VA 23/07/63  Unknown Draw
Salineville, OH 26/07/63 3,400 US Victory
Second Chattanooga, TN 21/08/63  Unknown US Victory
Devil’s Backbone, AR 01/09/63  Unknown US Victory
Second Fort Sumter, SC 07/09/63 700 CS Victory
Second Sabine Pass, TX 08/09/63 5,036 CS Victory
Bayou Fourche, AR 10/09/63  Unknown US Victory
Davis’ Crossroads, GA 10/09/63  Unknown Draw
Chickamauga, GA 19/09/63 125,000 CS Victory
Blountville, TN 22/09/63 2,400 US Victory
Stirling’s Plantation, LA 29/09/63 3,650 CS Victory
Fort Blair, KS 06/10/63 595 CS Victory
Blue Springs, TN 10/10/63  Unknown US Victory
Auburn, VA 13/10/63 5,000 Draw
Bristoe Station, VA 14/10/63 25,600 US Victory
Second Auburn, VA 14/10/63  Unknown Draw
Fort Brooke, FL 16/10/63  Unknown US Victory
Buckland Mills, VA 19/10/63  Unknown CS Victory
Pine Bluff, AR 25/10/63 2,850 US Victory
Wauhatchie, TN 28/10/63  Unknown US Victory
Collierville, TN 03/11/63 3,350 US Victory
Droop Mountain, VA 06/11/63 6,200 US Victory
Second Rappahannock Station, VA 07/11/63 4,000 US Victory
Campbell’s Station, TN 16/11/63  Unknown US Victory
Orchard Knob, TN 23/11/63 20,600 US Victory
Lookout Mountain, TN 24/11/63 18,700 US Victory
Missionary Ridge, TN 25/11/63 100,000 US Victory
Rossville Gap, GA 26/11/63 5,000 US Victory
Mine Run, VA 27/11/63 129,000 Draw
Ringgold Gap, GA 27/11/63  Unknown CS Victory
Fort Sanders, TN 29/11/63 3,440 US Victory
Bean’s Station, TN 14/12/63  Unknown CS Victory
Mossy Creek, TN 29/12/63  Unknown US Victory
Dandridge, TN 17/01/64  Unknown CS Victory
Athens, AL 26/01/64 700 US Victory
Fair Garden, TN 27/01/64  Unknown US Victory
Marton’s Ford, VA 06/02/64  Unknown Draw
Middle Boggy, OK 13/02/64  Unknown US Victory
Meridian, MS 14/02/64  Unknown US Victory
Olustee, FL 20/02/64 10,500 CS Victory
Okolona, MS 22/02/64 9,500 CS Victory
First Dalton, GA 22/02/64  Unknown CS Victory
Walkerton, VA 02/03/64  Unknown CS Victory
Fort De Russy, LA 14/03/64 10,350 US Victory
Paducah, KY 25/03/64 3,650 CS Victory
Elkin’s Ferry, AR 03/04/64 16,000 US Victory
Mansfield, LA 08/04/64 26,000 CS Victory
Pleasant Hill, LA 09/04/64 24,100 US Victory
Prairie D’Ane, AR 09/04/64  Unknown US Victory
Fort Pillow, TN 12/04/64 2,600 CS Victory
Blair’s Landing, LA 12/04/64  Unknown US Victory
Plymouth, NC 17/04/64  Unknown CS Victory
Poison Spring, AR 18/04/64  Unknown CS Victory
Monett’s Ferry, LA 23/04/64  Unknown US Victory
Wilson’s Wharf, VA 24/04/64 3,600 US Victory
Marks’ Mills, AR 25/04/64  Unknown CS Victory
Jenkins’ Ferry, AR 30/04/64 22,000 US Victory
Wilderness, VA 05/05/64 163,000 Draw
Albemarle Sound, NC 05/05/64  Unknown Draw
Port Walthall Junction, VA 06/05/64 10,600 CS Victory
Rocky Face Ridge, GA 07/05/64  Unknown US Victory
Spotsylvania Courthouse, VA 08/05/64 152,000 Draw
Cloyd’s Mountain, VA 09/05/64 8,500 US Victory
Swift Creek, VA 09/05/64 18,200 Draw
Cove Mountain, VA 10/05/64 6,500 Draw
Chester Station, VA 10/05/64 5,400 Draw
Yellow Tavern, VA 11/05/64 17,000 US Victory
Proctor’s Creek, VA 12/05/64 48,000 CS Victory
Resaca, GA 13/05/64 160,000 Draw
New Market, VA 15/05/64 10,300 CS Victory
Mansura, LA 16/05/64  Unknown US Victory
Adairsville, GA 17/05/64  Unknown US Victory
Yellow Bayou, LA 18/05/64  Unknown US Victory
Ware Bottom Church, VA 20/05/64 10,000 CS Victory
North Anna, VA 23/05/64 121,000 Draw
New Hope Church, GA 25/05/64  Unknown CS Victory
Dallas, GA 26/05/64 120,000 US Victory
Pickett’s Mill, GA 27/05/64 17,000 CS Victory
Bethesda Church, VA 28/05/64  Unknown Draw
Haw’s Shop, VA 28/05/64 8,500 Draw
Old Church, VA 30/05/64 7,000 US Victory
Cold Harbor, VA 31/05/64 167,000 CS Victory
Piedmont, VA 05/06/64 14,000 US Victory
Old River Lake, AR 05/06/64 7,500 US Victory
Marietta, GA 09/06/64  Unknown US Victory
First Petersburg, VA 09/06/64 7,000 CS Victory
Brice’s Crossroads, MS 10/06/64 11,700 CS Victory
Cynthiana, KY 11/06/64 4,700 US Victory
Trevilian Station, VA 11/06/64 16,000 CS Victory
Second Petersburg, VA 15/06/64 100,000 CS Victory
Lynchburg, VA 17/06/64 31,000 CS Victory
Jerusalem Plank Road, VA 21/06/64 35,000 Draw
Kolb’s Farm, GA 22/06/64  Unknown US Victory
Saint Mary’s Church, VA 24/06/64 6,100 Draw
Staunton River Bridge, VA 25/06/64 9,100 CS Victory
Kennesaw Mountain, GA 27/06/64 33,900 CS Victory
Sappony Church, VA 28/06/64 9,000 CS Victory
Ream’s Station, VA 29/06/64 11,000 CS Victory
Monocacy, MD 09/07/64 19,800 CS Victory
Fort Stevens, DC 11/07/64 19,600 US Victory
Tupelo, MS 14/07/64 22,000 US Victory
Cool Spring, VA 17/07/64 13,000 CS Victory
Peachtree Creek, GA 20/07/64 41,800 US Victory
Rutherford’s Farm, VA 20/07/64 5,700 US Victory
Atlanta, GA 22/07/64 74,800 US Victory
Second Kernstown, VA 24/07/64 24,000 CS Victory
First Deep Bottom, VA 27/07/64  Unknown CS Victory
Ezra Church, GA 28/07/64 31,700 CS Victory
Folck’s Mill, MD 01/08/64  Unknown Draw
Mobile Bay, AL 02/08/64 7,000 US Victory
Utoy Creek, GA 05/08/64  Unknown CS Victory
Moorefield, VA 07/08/64 4,800 CS Victory
Deep Bottom, VA 14/08/64 48,000 CS Victory
Second Dalton, GA 14/08/64  Unknown US Victory
Guard Hill, VA 16/08/64  Unknown Draw
Globe Tavern, VA 18/08/64 35,000 US Victory
Lovejoy’s Station, GA 20/08/64  Unknown CS Victory
Second Memphis, TN 21/08/64  Unknown CS Victory
Summit Point, VA 21/08/64  Unknown Draw
Second Ream’s Station, VA 25/08/64 18,000 CS Victory
Smithfield Crossing, VA 25/08/64  Unknown Draw
Jonesborough, GA 31/08/64  Unknown US Victory
Berryville, VA 03/09/64  Unknown Draw
Third Winchester, VA 19/09/64 52,000 US Victory
Fisher’s Hill, VA 21/09/64 39,500 US Victory
Fort Davidson, MO 27/09/64 13,500 US Victory
Chaffin’s Farm, VA 29/09/64 41,100 US Victory
Peebles’s Farm, VA 30/09/64 40,000 US Victory
Saltville, VA 02/10/64 5,300 CS Victory
Allatoona, GA 05/10/64 5,200 US Victory
Darbytown and New Market Roads, VA 07/10/64  Unknown US Victory
Tom’s Brook, VA 09/10/64 9,800 US Victory
Darbytown Road, VA 13/10/64  Unknown CS Victory
Glasgow, GA 15/10/64 2,300 CS Victory
Cedar Creek, VA 19/10/64 52,600 US Victory
Second Lexington, MO 19/10/64 10,500 CS Victory
Second Independence, MO 21/10/64 30,500 CS Victory
Little Blue River, MO 21/10/64 10,500 CS Victory
Byram’s Ford, MO 22/10/64  Unknown US Victory
Westport, MO 23/10/64 30,500 CS Victory
Marmiton River, MO 25/10/64  Unknown US Victory
Marais des Cygnes, KS 25/10/64 9,600 US Victory
Mine Creek, KS 25/10/64 9,600 US Victory
Decatur, AL 26/10/64 43,000 US Victory
Boydton Plank Road, VA 27/10/64 41,600 Draw
Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road, VA 27/10/64  Unknown CS Victory
Second Newtonia, MO 28/10/64  Unknown US Victory
Johnsonville, TN 04/11/64  Unknown CS Victory
Griswoldville, GA 22/11/64 6,000 US Victory
Buck Head Creek, GA 28/11/64  Unknown US Victory
Honey Hill, SC 30/11/64 6,400 CS Victory
Second Franklin, TN 30/11/64 54,000 US Victory
Waynesboro, Georgia, GA 04/12/64 10,000 US Victory
Third Murfreesboro, TN 05/12/64 15,000 US Victory
Nashville, TN 15/12/64 85,000 US Victory
Marion, VA 17/12/64 6,500 US Victory
Second Saltville, VA 20/12/64 7,300 US Victory
Second Fort McAllister`, GA 23/12/64 4,120 US Victory
Fort Fisher, NC 23/12/64 11,500 CS Victory
Second Fort Fisher, NC 13/01/65 11,500 US Victory
Rivers’ Bridge, SC 03/02/65 6,200 US Victory
Hatcher’s Run, VA 05/02/65 48,500 US Victory
Wilmington, NC 11/02/65 18,000 US Victory
Waynesboro, Virginia, VA 02/03/65 4,100 US Victory
Natural Bridge, FL 06/03/65  Unknown CS Victory
Wyse Fork, NC 07/03/65 20,500 US Victory
Monroe’s Crossroads, NC 10/03/65 4,850 Draw
Averasborough, NC 16/03/65 31,400 Draw
Bentonville, NC 19/03/65 81,000 US Victory
Fort Stedman, VA 25/03/65 25,000 US Victory
Spanish Fort, AL 27/03/65  Unknown US Victory
Lewis’s Farm, VA 29/03/65 25,000 US Victory
White Oak Road, VA 31/03/65 30,000 US Victory
Dinwiddie Court House, VA 31/03/65 65,200 CS Victory
Five Forks, VA 01/04/65 32,600 US Victory
Third Petersburg, VA 02/04/65 134,400 US Victory
Sutherland’s Station, VA 02/04/65 4,500 US Victory
Selma, AL 02/04/65 18,500 US Victory
Fort Blakely, AL 02/04/65 49,000 US Victory
Namozine Church, VA 03/04/65 1,700 Draw
Amelia Springs, VA 05/04/65  Unknown Draw
Rice’s Station, VA 06/04/65 14,300 US Victory
Sayler’s Creek, VA 06/04/65 26,500 US Victory
High Bridge, VA 06/04/65 2,080 Draw
Cumberland Church, VA 07/04/65 12,600 CS Victory
Appomattox Station, VA 08/04/65 7,000 US Victory
Appomattox Court House, VA 09/04/65 128,000 US Victory
Columbus, GA 16/04/65 16,500 US Victory
Palmito Ranch, TX 12/05/65 800 CS Victory

American Civil War Battles – By Outcome

Civil War Battles by Outcome

1. All Years

Result No %
US Victory 181 50%
CS Victory 123 34%
Draw 60 16%
Total 364

2. By Year

1861 US Victory 14 46.67%
CS Victory 12 40.00%
Draw 4 13.33%
Year Total 30
1862 US Victory 39 45.88%
CS Victory 33 38.82%
Draw 13 15.29%
Year Total 85
1863 US Victory 49 52.69%
CS Victory 25 26.88%
Draw 19 20.43%
Year Total 93
1864 US Victory 58 46.03%
CS Victory 49 38.89%
Draw 19 15.08%
Year Total 126
1865 US Victory 21 70.00%
CS Victory 4 13.33%
Draw 5 16.67%
Year Total 30

Copyright ©2012 Savereo John

American Civil War Generals – Most Defeats

Confederate Union
Robert Edward Lee 12 Benjamin Franklin Butler 6
John Sappington Marmaduke 9 William Tecumsah Sherman 5
John Bell Hood 7 Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 4
Joseph Eggleston Johnston 6 Quincy Adams Gillmore 4
Jubal Anderson Early 6 Winfield Scott Hancock 3
Braxton Bragg 6 James Harrison Wilson 3
Richard Taylor 6 Hugh Judson Kilpatrick 3
Joseph Wheeler 5 Philip Henry Sheridan 2
James Longstreet 4 Irwin McDowell 2
Earl Van Dorn 4 Joseph Hooker 2
Sterling Price 4 George Brinton McClellan 2
John Hunt Morgan 4 Franz Sigel 2
John Cabell Breckinridge 3 Samuel Davis Sturgis 2
Ambrose Powell Hill 3 Samuel Ryan Curtis 2
Nathan Bedford Forrest 3 Ulysses Hiram Grant 2
John Buchanan Floyd 2 Jacob Cox 1
Daniel Harvey Hill 2 Godfrey Weitzel 1
John Bowen 2 Henry Benham 1
John Brown Gordon 2 Henry Wessells 1
Thomas Jonathan Jackson 2 Hiram Barstow 1
William Martin 2 Horatio Wright 1
Douglas Cooper 2 Andrew A Humphreys 1
John Clifford Pemberton 2 Francis Marion Drake 1
Joseph Orville Shelby 2 Issac Black 1
James Ewell Brown Stuart 2 George R Crook 1
Thomas Carmichael Hindman 2 James Buel 1
Lawrence Branch 2 James Gillpatrick Blunt 1
Humphrey Marshall 1 Alfred Howe Terry 1
James Carter 1 Adolph Englemann 1
James Chambers 1 James Lane 1
James McCulloch 1 James Mulligan 1
Jeff Thompson 1 James Pond 1
James Major 1 Ambrose Burnside 1
Howard Cobb 1 David Dixon Porter 1
James Holtzclaw 1 Edward Bloodgood 1
Fitzhugh Lee 1 Dixon Miles 1
Albert Sidney Johnson 1 Edward Canby 1
Alexander Stewart 1 Emory Foster 1
Alfred Moulton 1 David Hunter 1
Bushrod Rust Johnson 1 Erastus Tyler 1
Caleb Dorsey 1 Cadwallader Washburn 1
Carter Stevenson 1 Francis Blair 1
Charles Hopkins 1 George Taylor 1
Colton Greene 1 John Bullock 1
Edmund Kirby-Smith 1 Charles Thompson 1
George Singletary 1 James Ricketts 1
Felix Zollicoffer 1 Frederick Saloman 1
Henry Wise 1 Charles Stone 1
Frank Powers 1 George Henry Thomas 1
Franklin Buchanan 1 Don Carlos Buell 1
Franklin Gardner 1 Fitz John Porter 1
George Alexander Porterfield 1 Thomas Crittenden 1
George Crittenden 1 Philip Kearny 1
George Pickett 1 Robert Anderson 1
Hamilton Bee 1 Robert McIlroy 1
Henry Heth 1 Robert Milroy 1
Henry McCulloch 1 Samuel Francis DuPont 1
Edmund Smith 1 Samuel Merrill 1
Stephen Ramsuer 1 Samuel Starr 1
John Poindexter 1 Stephen Burbridge 1
Reuben Walker 1 Jeremish Sullivan 1
Richard Heron Anderson 1 Theodore Barrett 1
Richard Stoddert Ewell 1 Lionel Booth 1
Robert Garnett 1 Truman Seymour 1
Samuel Barron 1 William Buel Franklin 1
Samuel French 1 William Nelson 1
St John Riddell 1 William Renshaw 1
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 1 William Smith 1
Stephen Lee 1 William Starke Rosecrans 1
Nathan George Evans 1 William Vandever 1
Theophilus Holmes 1 William Woods Averell 1
Thomas Churchill 1 Stephen Hicks 1
Thomas Clingham 1 John Pope 1
Thomas Green 1 James Williams 1
Thomas Rosser 1 Jamse Blunt 1
Tom Green 1 Absalom Moore 1
William Byrd 1 Jesse Reno 1
William Cabell 1 John Coburn 1
William Edmondson Jones 1 John Fremont 1
Stand Waite 1 John Gubb Parke 1
Leonidas Polk 1 John Hatch 1
John Gregg 1 P Drayton 1
John McCown 1 John Newton 1
Albert Jenkins 1 Oliver Howard 1
John Williams 1 John Rogers 1
Johnson Kelly Duncan 1 John Scott 1
Joseph Cook 1 John Sedgwick 1
Joseph Fry 1 John Slough 1
Joseph Porter 1 John Wilder 1
Randall Gibson 1 Joseph Leake 1
Lafayette McLaws 1 Lew Wallace 1
John Echols 1 Lewis Jordon 1
Lloyd Tilghman 1 James Shields 1
Lt Col John Jumper 1 John Kenley 1
Maj George Anderson 1
Maj J Irvine 1
Maj John Wescott 1
Matthew Butler 1
Micah Jenkins 1
Moses White 1
Moses Wright Hannon 1
Julian Frazer 1

American Civil War Generals – Most Victories

Confederate Union
Nathan Bedford Forrest 10 Ulysses Hiram Grant 11
Robert Edward Lee 9 William Tecumsah Sherman 8
Thomas Jonathan Jackson 8 Philip Henry Sheridan 7
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 8 Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 7
Sterling Price 7 James Gillpatrick Blunt 6
Joseph Eggleston Johnston 4 Ambrose Burnside 5
James Longstreet 4 Gouverneur Kemble Warren 5
Jubal Anderson Early 4 William Starke Rosecrans 5
John Sappington Marmaduke 3 John McAllister Schofield 4
Fitzhugh Lee 3 George Brinton McClellan 4
Richard Stoddert Ewell 3 John Gray Foster 3
John Hunt Morgan 2 John McNeil 3
Nathan George Evans 2 Frederick Steele 3
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 2 George Henry Thomas 3
John Bell Hood 2 Joseph Hooker 2
John Bankhead Magruder 2 Samuel Davis Sturgis 2
Wade Hampton III 2 Edward Canby 2
Braxton Bragg 2 David Glasgow Farragut 2
Thomas Green 2 John Gubb Parke 2
Robert Hoke 2 Alfred Pleasonton 2
David Atchison 1 George Stoneman 2
Ambrose Powell Hill 1 Hugh Judson Kilpatrick 2
Ambrose Wright 1 William Woods Averell 2
James Fagan 1 James Harrison Wilson 2
James Ewell Brown Stuart 1 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 2
Humphrey Marshall 1 Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert 2
Henry Sibley 1 George Gordon Meade 2
Gov Clairborne Jackson 1 Andrew Smith 2
George Pickett 1 Joseph Mower 2
Cadmus Wilcox 1 Francis Blair 1
Earl Van Dorn 1 Emil Adams 1
John Hughes 1 Francis Osborne 1
Douglas Cooper 1 Frederick Crocker 1
Felix Zollicoffer 1 George Armstrong Custer 1
Charles Colcock 1 George R Crook 1
Edmund Kirby-Smith 1 Edward Wild 1
Ebeneezer Farrand 1 Godfrey Weitzel 1
Charles Pyron 1 Gordon Granger 1
Chester Clarke 1 Egbert Brown 1
George A Anderson 1 Charles Hovey 1
Louis Hebert 1 A Semmes 1
William Pendleton 1 Abel Streight 1
William Jackson 1 Abner Harding 1
William Edmondson Jones 1 Albert Hall 1
William Clarke Quantrill 1 Albert Stickney 1
Vard Cockrell 1 Albin Schoef 1
Simon Buckner 1 Alexander McDowell McCook 1
Sam Jones 1 Alfred Howe Terry 1
Richard Taylor 1 David Porter 1
John Clifford Pemberton 1 Benjamin Franklin Butler 1
Lt Richard Dowling 1 Edward Ord 1
John Bowen 1 Charles Walcutt 1
Joseph Finegan 1 Charles Willette 1
Johnson Hagood 1 Charles Zagonyi 1
John McCausland 1 Christopher Augur 1
William Talliaferro 1 David Bell Birney 1
John Ford 1 David Hunter 1
Alfred Jackson 1 Edward Hatch 1
John Cabell Breckinridge 1 Edward Hobson 1
John Burbridge 1 Andrew A Humphreys 1
John Buchanan Floyd 1 Thomas Armstrong Morris 1
Richard Heron Anderson 1 James Birdseye McPherson 1
Nathaniel Lyon 1
Nelson Miles 1
Peter Osterhaus 1
Powell Clayton 1
Robert Granger 1
Robert Patterson 1
Samuel Francis DuPont 1
Samuel Ryan Curtis 1
Lovell Rousseau 1
Stephen Burbridge 1
Joseph Plummer 1
Thomas Ewing 1
Thomas Smith 1
Thomas Williams 1
W Torrance 1
William Cloud 1
William Hazen 1
William Nelson 1
William Ord 1
William Renshaw 1
Silas Stringham 1
John Brannan 1
Harvey Brown 1
Henry Halleck 1
Hermann Leib 1
Hiram Anderson 1
A Rhind 1
James Garfield 1
James Scott Negley 1
James Shackleford 1
James Steedman 1
Nathan Kimball 1
John Alexander McClernand 1
Graham Fitch 1
John Corse 1
John Davidson 1
John Fitz Porter 1
John Gibbon 1
John Pope 1
John Sedgwick 1
John Wilder 1
Joseph Bullen 1
Joseph Jones Reynolds 1
James Williams 1

American Civil War Generals – Battles Commanded

Confederate Union
Robert Edward Lee 30 Ulysses Hiram Grant 18
Nathan Bedford Forrest 13 William Tecumsah Sherman 14
Joseph Eggleston Johnston 13 George Brinton McClellan 12
John Sappington Marmaduke 12 Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 11
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 12 Philip Henry Sheridan 10
Thomas Jonathan Jackson 12 Benjamin Franklin Butler 9
Jubal Anderson Early 11 Hugh Judson Kilpatrick 8
Sterling Price 11 James Gillpatrick Blunt 7
James Longstreet 10 Gouverneur Kemble Warren 6
James Ewell Brown Stuart 10 William Starke Rosecrans 6
John Bell Hood 9 Ambrose Burnside 6
Braxton Bragg 8 Alfred Pleasonton 5
Fitzhugh Lee 7 James Harrison Wilson 5
Richard Taylor 7 John Gray Foster 5
John Hunt Morgan 6 Quincy Adams Gillmore 5
Joseph Wheeler 5 William Woods Averell 5
Ambrose Powell Hill 5 Samuel Davis Sturgis 4
Richard Stoddert Ewell 5 George Gordon Meade 4
Wade Hampton III 5 Joseph Hooker 4
John Bankhead Magruder 5 George R Crook 4
Earl Van Dorn 5 Winfield Scott Hancock 4
Richard Heron Anderson 5 George Henry Thomas 4
Thomas Carmichael Hindman 4 John McAllister Schofield 4
John Cabell Breckinridge 4 William Buel Franklin 3
Daniel Harvey Hill 3 Irwin McDowell 3
William Edmondson Jones 3 David McMutrie Gregg 3
Nathan George Evans 3 John Gubb Parke 3
Douglas Cooper 3 John McNeil 3
John Clifford Pemberton 3 Edward Canby 3
John Buchanan Floyd 3 Andrew A Humphreys 3
Thomas Green 3 John Pope 3
John Bowen 3 Samuel Ryan Curtis 3
Humphrey Marshall 2 Frederick Steele 3
William Martin 2 Alfred Howe Terry 3
Thomas Rosser 2 Franz Sigel 2
Franklin Buchanan 2 James Scott Negley 2
Lawrence Branch 2 John Wilder 2
Henry Heth 2 George Armstrong Custer 2
Joseph Orville Shelby 2 George Stoneman 2
Johnson Hagood 2 Joseph Mower 2
John McCausland 2 Joseph Jones Reynolds 2
George Pickett 2 Francis Blair 2
Edmund Kirby-Smith 2 David Hunter 2
Robert Hoke 2 John Sedgwick 2
John Brown Gordon 2 Andrew Smith 2
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 2 William Renshaw 2
Felix Zollicoffer 2 William Nelson 2
James Fagan 1 William French 2
Henry McCulloch 1 Alexander McDowell McCook 2
Albert Sidney Johnson 1 Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert 2
James McCulloch 1 David Glasgow Farragut 2
Henry Sibley 1 Stephen Burbridge 2
Henry Wise 1 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 2
James Major 1 Samuel Francis DuPont 2
Howard Cobb 1 David Bell Birney 2
James Holtzclaw 1 Godfrey Weitzel 2
James Carter 1 John James Peck 2
James Chambers 1 James Williams 2
James Cooke 1 Henry Halleck 1
Alfred Jackson 1 George Taylor 1
Alexander Stewart 1 Hiram Anderson 1
Edmund Smith 1 Hermann Leib 1
Caleb Dorsey 1 Henry Wessells 1
Cadmus Wilcox 1 Francis Marion Drake 1
Carter Stevenson 1 Frederick Crocker 1
Charles Colcock 1 Henry Slocum 1
Charles Hopkins 1 Harvey Brown 1
Bushrod Rust Johnson 1 Gordon Granger 1
Charles Pyron 1 Graham Fitch 1
Chester Clarke 1 Frederick Saloman 1
Colton Greene 1 Henry Benham 1
David Atchison 1 Francis Osborne 1
George Singletary 1 Albert Stickney 1
Beverley Robertson 1 Charles Walcutt 1
Alfred Moulton 1 Charles Thompson 1
Ambrose Wright 1 Charles Stone 1
Franklin Gardner 1 Charles Hovey 1
George A Anderson 1 Cadwallader Washburn 1
George Alexander Porterfield 1 Benjamin Kelly 1
George Crittenden 1 Edward Hobson 1
Frank Powers 1 Albin Schoef 1
Gideon Pillow 1 Christopher Augur 1
Gov Clairborne Jackson 1 Albert Hall 1
Gustavus Smith 1 Adolph Englemann 1
Hamilton Bee 1 Absalom Moore 1
Henry Jackson 1 Abner Harding 1
Ebeneezer Farrand 1 Abel Streight 1
Thomas Churchill 1 A Semmes 1
John McCown 1 Alfred Ellet 1
Randall Gibson 1 Edward Hatch 1
Reuben Walker 1 Erastus Tyler 1
Robert Garnett 1 Emory Foster 1
Sam Jones 1 Emil Adams 1
Samuel Barron 1 Egbert Brown 1
Samuel French 1 Edwin Vose Sumner 1
Simon Buckner 1 Edward Wild 1
St John Riddell 1 Charles Willette 1
Stand Waite 1 Hiram Barstow 1
Stephen Lee 1 Charles Zagonyi 1
Moses White 1 James Steedman 1
Theophilus Holmes 1 Edward Bloodgood 1
Milliedge Luke Bonham 1 Don Carlos Buell 1
Thomas Clingham 1 Dixon Miles 1
Thomas Munford 1 David Porter 1
Tom Green 1 David Dixon Porter 1
Vard Cockrell 1 Fitz John Porter 1
William Byrd 1 Edward Ord 1
William Cabell 1 Peter Osterhaus 1
William Clarke Quantrill 1 Samuel Merrill 1
William Hardee 1 Robert Patterson 1
William Jackson 1 Robert Milroy 1
William Parsons 1 Robert McIlroy 1
William Pendleton 1 Robert Granger 1
William Talliaferro 1 Robert Anderson 1
Stephen Ramsuer 1 Lionel Booth 1
Joseph Porter 1 Philip Kearny 1
John Burbridge 1 Stephen Hicks 1
John Echols 1 P Drayton 1
John Ford 1 Oliver Howard 1
John Gregg 1 Nelson Miles 1
John Hughes 1 Nathaniel Lyon 1
Albert Jenkins 1 Nathan Kimball 1
John Poindexter 1 Melancton Smith 1
William Wofford 1 James Shackleford 1
John Williams 1 Powell Clayton 1
Johnson Kelly Duncan 1 Thomas Williams 1
Joseph Cook 1 William Vandever 1
Moses Wright Hannon 1 William Smith 1
Joseph Fry 1 William Ord 1
Jeff Thompson 1 William Hazen 1
Julian Frazer 1 William F Smith 1
Lafayette McLaws 1 William Cloud 1
Leonidas Polk 1 Wesley Merritt 1
Lloyd Tilghman 1 Samuel Starr 1
Louis Hebert 1 Truman Seymour 1
Lt Col John Jumper 1 Silas Stringham 1
Lt Richard Dowling 1 Thomas Smith 1
Maj George Anderson 1 Thomas Ewing 1
Maj J Irvine 1 Thomas Devin 1
Maj John Wescott 1 Thomas Crittenden 1
Matthew Butler 1 Thomas Armstrong Morris 1
Micah Jenkins 1 Theodore Barrett 1
Joseph Finegan 1 Lewis Jordon 1
W Torrance 1
James Pond 1
John Brannan 1
John Alexander McClernand 1
Jesse Reno 1
Jeremish Sullivan 1
Jamse Blunt 1
James Shields 1
Lovell Rousseau 1
James Ricketts 1
John Coburn 1
James Mulligan 1
James Lane 1
James Garfield 1
James Buel 1
James Birdseye McPherson 1
Jacob Cox 1
Issac Black 1
A Rhind 1
John Kenley 1
Lew Wallace 1
Joseph Plummer 1
Joseph Leake 1
Joseph Bullen 1
John Slough 1
John Scott 1
John Rogers 1
John Bullock 1
John Marston 1
John Caldwell 1
John Hatch 1
John Gibbon 1
John Fremont 1
John Fitz Porter 1
John Davidson 1
John Corse 1
Horatio Wright 1
John Newton 1

Battles of the American Civil War

Full list of battles of the American Civil War, ordered by total combatants (where known), followed by total losses (also where known). Where the number of combatants is not known, the battle are classified by the number of casualties. Where neither are known, they are listed as they come out of the database !

 

 

No Location Year Troops Losses Result
1 The Seven Days, VA 1862 196,000 36,000 CS Victory
2 Chancellorsville, VA 1863 195,000 30,300 CS Victory
3 Fredericksburg, VA 1862 188,000 17,900 CS Victory
4 Corinth, MS 1862 185,000 2,000 US Victory
5 Cold Harbor, VA 1864 167,000 17,300 CS Victory
6 Gettysburg, PA 1863 166,000 46,000 US Victory
7 Wilderness, VA 1864 163,000 28,600 Stalemate
8 Resaca, GA 1864 160,000 7,300 Stalemate
9 Yorktown, VA 1862 157,000 482 Stalemate
10 Spotsylvania Courthouse, VA 1864 152,000 31,700 Stalemate
11 Third Petersburg, VA 1865 134,400 7,700 US Victory
12 Mine Run, VA 1863 129,000 1,880 Stalemate
13 Appomattox Court House, VA 1865 128,000 664 US Victory
14 Chickamauga, GA 1863 125,000 34,600 CS Victory
15 North Anna, VA 1864 121,000 5,100 Stalemate
16 Dallas, GA 1864 120,000 5,400 US Victory
17 Sharpsburg, MD 1862 114,000 22,700 Stalemate
18 Shiloh, TN 1862 112,000 23,600 US Victory
19 Second Manassas, VA 1862 112,000 18,300 CS Victory
20 Vicksburg, MS 1863 110,000 8,000 US Victory
21 Malvern Hill, VA 1862 109,000 7,700 US Victory
22 Second Petersburg, VA 1864 100,000 15,300 CS Victory
23 Missionary Ridge, TN 1863 100,000 12,500 US Victory
24 Gaine’s Mill, VA 1862 91,000 14,800 CS Victory
25 Nashville, TN 1864 85,000 9,000 US Victory
26 Glendale, VA 1862 85,000 7,300 Stalemate
27 Bentonville, NC 1865 81,000 4,100 US Victory
28 Second Murfreesboro, TN 1862 76,000 25,000 US Victory
29 Atlanta, GA 1864 74,800 12,100 US Victory
30 Fair Oaks, VA 1862 73,000 11,000 Stalemate
31 Williamsburg, VA 1862 73,000 3,965 Stalemate
32 First Manassas, VA 1861 70,000 4,878 CS Victory
33 Dinwiddie Court House, VA 1865 65,200 1,114 CS Victory
34 Fort Anderson, NC 1863 57,000 US Victory
35 Second Franklin, TN 1864 54,000 8,500 US Victory
36 Champion Hill, MS 1863 54,000 6,200 US Victory
37 Cedar Creek, VA 1864 52,600 8,600 US Victory
38 Third Winchester, VA 1864 52,000 8,600 US Victory
39 Fort Blakely, AL 1865 49,000 3,529 US Victory
40 Hatcher’s Run, VA 1865 48,500 2,600 US Victory
41 Deep Bottom, VA 1864 48,000 4,400 CS Victory
42 Proctor’s Creek, VA 1864 48,000 CS Victory
43 South Mountain, MD 1862 46,000 4,900 US Victory
44 Second Corinth, MS 1862 45,000 6,700 US Victory
45 Chickasaw Bayou, MS 1862 44,700 1,363 CS Victory
46 Decatur, AL 1864 43,000 355 US Victory
47 Port Hudson, LA 1863 42,500 17,500 US Victory
48 Harper’s Ferry, VA 1862 42,000 12,286 CS Victory
49 Peachtree Creek, GA 1864 41,800 6,400 US Victory
50 Boydton Plank Road, VA 1864 41,600 3,000 Stalemate
51 Chaffin’s Farm, VA 1864 41,100 5,400 US Victory
52 Fort Donaldson, TN 1862 40,600 16,537 US Victory
53 Savage’s Station, VA 1862 40,500 1,475 Stalemate
54 Peebles’s Farm, VA 1864 40,000 4,000 US Victory
55 Fisher’s Hill, VA 1864 39,500 1,728 US Victory
56 Fort Hindman, AR 1863 38,500 6,500 US Victory
57 Peryville, KY 1862 38,000 7,600 CS Victory
58 Suffolk (Norfleet House), VA 1863 37,000 Stalemate
59 Second Fredericksburg, VA 1863 37,000 US Victory
60 Globe Tavern, VA 1864 35,000 5,900 US Victory
61 Jerusalem Plank Road, VA 1864 35,000 3,572 Stalemate
62 Salem Church, VA 1863 35,000 CS Victory
63 Kennesaw Mountain, GA 1864 33,900 4,000 CS Victory
64 Thoroughfare Gap, VA 1862 33,000 CS Victory
65 Five Forks, VA 1865 32,600 3,780 US Victory
66 Ezra Church, GA 1864 31,700 3,562 CS Victory
67 Mechanicsville, VA 1862 31,600 1,861 US Victory
68 Averasborough, NC 1865 31,400 1,547 Stalemate
69 Lynchburg, VA 1864 31,000 81 CS Victory
70 Westport, MO 1864 30,500 3,000 CS Victory
71 Second Independence, MO 1864 30,500 CS Victory
72 White Hall, NC 1862 30,250 Stalemate
73 White Oak Road, VA 1865 30,000 2,600 US Victory
74 Pea Ridge, AR 1862 27,000 3,384 US Victory
75 Sayler’s Creek, VA 1865 26,500 8,850 US Victory
76 Mansfield, LA 1864 26,000 3,100 CS Victory
77 Chantilly, VA 1862 26,000 2,100 CS Victory
78 Bristoe Station, VA 1863 25,600 1,940 US Victory
79 Fort Stedman, VA 1865 25,000 5,000 US Victory
80 Cedar Mountain, VA 1862 25,000 3,600 CS Victory
81 Lewis’s Farm, VA 1865 25,000 752 US Victory
82 Pleasant Hill, LA 1864 24,100 3,100 US Victory
83 Second Kernstown, VA 1864 24,000 1,800 CS Victory
84 First Winchester, VA 1862 22,500 2,400 CS Victory
85 Etham’s Landing, VA 1862 22,300 242 Stalemate
86 Tupelo, MS 1864 22,000 1,950 US Victory
87 Jenkins’ Ferry, AR 1864 22,000 1,700 US Victory
88 Orchard Knob, TN 1863 20,600 US Victory
89 Wyse Fork, NC 1865 20,500 2,600 US Victory
90 Brandy Station, VA 1863 20,500 1,430 Stalemate
91 Prairie Grove, AR 1862 20,200 2,500 US Victory
92 Monocacy, MD 1864 19,800 2,100 CS Victory
93 Fort Stevens, DC 1864 19,600 823 US Victory
94 Second Winchester, VA 1863 19,500 4,719 CS Victory
95 Lookout Mountain, TN 1863 18,700 1,659 US Victory
96 Selma, AL 1865 18,500 3,059 US Victory
97 Swift Creek, VA 1864 18,200 990 Stalemate
98 Second Ream’s Station, VA 1864 18,000 3,514 CS Victory
99 Wilmington, NC 1865 18,000 1,150 US Victory
100 Fort Henry, TN 1862 18,000 119 US Victory
101 Cross Keys, VA 1862 17,500 951 CS Victory
102 Wilson’s Creek, MO 1861 17,400 2,549 CS Victory
103 Pickett’s Mill, GA 1864 17,000 2,100 CS Victory
104 Yellow Tavern, VA 1864 17,000 925 US Victory
105 Columbus, GA 1865 16,500 140 US Victory
106 Raymond, MS 1863 16,400 1,266 US Victory
107 Trevilian Station, VA 1864 16,000 1,813 CS Victory
108 Hanover Courthouse, VA 1862 16,000 1,330 US Victory
109 Elkin’s Ferry, AR 1864 16,000 92 US Victory
110 First Lexington, MO 1861 15,500 1,874 CS Victory
111 Third Murfreesboro, TN 1864 15,000 422 US Victory
112 Rice’s Station, VA 1865 14,300 US Victory
113 Piedmont, VA 1864 14,000 2,375 US Victory
114 Kinston, NC 1862 14,000 512 US Victory
115 Fort Davidson, MO 1864 13,500 1,684 US Victory
116 Richmond, KY 1862 13,300 5,750 CS Victory
117 Cool Spring, VA 1864 13,000 822 CS Victory
118 Cumberland Church, VA 1865 12,600 910 CS Victory
119 McDowell, VA 1862 12,500 679 CS Victory
120 Camp Wildcat, KY 1861 12,400 75 US Victory
121 Brice’s Crossroads, MS 1864 11,700 3,102 CS Victory
122 Second Fort Fisher, NC 1865 11,500 1,880 US Victory
123 Fort Fisher, NC 1864 11,500 1,880 CS Victory
124 Hannover, VA 1863 11,000 332 Stalemate
125 Ream’s Station, VA 1864 11,000 CS Victory
126 Port Walthall Junction, VA 1864 10,600 CS Victory
127 Olustee, FL 1864 10,500 2,750 CS Victory
128 Second Lexington, MO 1864 10,500 CS Victory
129 Little Blue River, MO 1864 10,500 CS Victory
130 Fort Pulaski, GA 1862 10,385 351 US Victory
131 Fort De Russy, LA 1864 10,350 375 US Victory
132 New Market, VA 1864 10,300 1,380 CS Victory
133 Mill Springs, KY 1862 10,300 775 US Victory
134 Ware Bottom Church, VA 1864 10,000 1,500 CS Victory
135 Waynesboro, Georgia, GA 1864 10,000 440 US Victory
136 Tom’s Brook, VA 1864 9,800 407 US Victory
137 Mine Creek, KS 1864 9,600 1,300 US Victory
138 Marais des Cygnes, KS 1864 9,600 US Victory
139 Port Republic, VA 1862 9,500 1,816 CS Victory
140 First Kernstown, VA 1862 9,500 1,308 US Victory
141 Okolona, MS 1864 9,500 150 CS Victory
142 Staunton River Bridge, VA 1864 9,100 150 CS Victory
143 Cape Girardeau, MO 1863 9,000 337 US Victory
144 Dranesville, VA 1861 9,000 300 US Victory
145 Sappony Church, VA 1864 9,000 CS Victory
146 James Island, SC 1862 8,600 885 CS Victory
147 Cloyd’s Mountain, VA 1864 8,500 1,226 US Victory
148 Haw’s Shop, VA 1864 8,500 743 Stalemate
149 Belmont, MO 1861 8,100 1,248 Stalemate
150 Blackburn’s Ford, VA 1861 8,100 151 CS Victory
151 Cheat Mountain, VA 1861 8,000 US Victory
152 Iuka, MS 1862 7,700 2,290 US Victory
153 Old River Lake, AR 1864 7,500 280 US Victory
154 Washington, NC 1863 7,500 100 Stalemate
155 Second Saltville, VA 1864 7,300 US Victory
156 Appomattox Station, VA 1865 7,000 1,700 US Victory
157 Mobile Bay, AL 1864 7,000 1,651 US Victory
158 Old Church, VA 1864 7,000 278 US Victory
159 First Petersburg, VA 1864 7,000 120 CS Victory
160 Cane Hill, AR 1862 7,000 55 US Victory
161 Carnifex Ferry, VA 1861 7,000 US Victory
162 Second Fort Wagner, SC 1863 6,800 1,675 CS Victory
163 Grimball’s Landing, SC 1863 6,800 90 Stalemate
164 Greenbrier River, VA 1861 6,800 85 Stalemate
165 Oak Grove, VA 1862 6,600 1,067 Stalemate
166 Dry Wood Creek, MO 1861 6,600 54 CS Victory
167 New Bern, NC 1682 6,500 1,048 US Victory
168 Marion, VA 1864 6,500 250 US Victory
169 Big Sandy Expedition, KY 1861 6,500 222 US Victory
170 Cove Mountain, VA 1864 6,500 Stalemate
171 Honey Hill, SC 1864 6,400 793 CS Victory
172 Droop Mountain, VA 1863 6,200 394 US Victory
173 Rivers’ Bridge, SC 1865 6,200 222 US Victory
174 Saint Mary’s Church, VA 1864 6,100 600 Stalemate
175 Griswoldville, GA 1864 6,000 1,217 US Victory
176 Honey Springs, OK 1863 6,000 716 US Victory
177 Rich Mountain, VA 1861 6,000 346 US Victory
178 First Springfield, MO 1861 6,000 218 US Victory
179 Rutherford’s Farm, VA 1864 5,700 670 US Victory
180 Valverde, NM 1862 5,600 675 CS Victory
181 Chester Station, VA 1864 5,400 529 Stalemate
182 Georgia Landing, LA 1862 5,400 315 US Victory
183 Saltville, VA 1864 5,300 CS Victory
184 Allatoona, GA 1864 5,200 1,606 US Victory
185 Baton Rouge, LA 1862 5,100 848 US Victory
186 Carthage, MO 1861 5,100 244 CS Victory
187 Second Sabine Pass, TX 1863 5,036 CS Victory
188 Old Fort Wayne, OK 1862 5,000 164 US Victory
189 Auburn, VA 1863 5,000 Stalemate
190 Big Bethel, VA 1861 4,900 80 CS Victory
191 Monroe’s Crossroads, NC 1865 4,850 269 Stalemate
192 Parker’s Cross Roads, TN 1862 4,800 740 CS Victory
193 Moorefield, VA 1864 4,800 530 CS Victory
194 Vaught’s Hill, TN 1863 4,800 435 US Victory
195 Cynthiana, KY 1864 4,700 2,000 US Victory
196 Buffington Island, VA 1863 4,700 925 US Victory
197 Midde Creek, KY 1862 4,600 92 US Victory
198 Sutherland’s Station, VA 1865 4,500 970 US Victory
199 Garnett and Golding’s Farm, VA 1862 4,500 627 Stalemate
200 Hoke’s Run, VA 1861 4,500 114 US Victory
201 Frederick, MO 1861 4,500 US Victory
202 Kessler’s Cross Lanes, VA 1861 4,200 285 CS Victory
203 Second Fort McAllister`, GA 1864 4,120 205 US Victory
204 Liberty, MO 1861 4,100 126 CS Victory
205 Waynesboro, Virginia, VA 1865 4,100 US Victory
206 Roanoke Island, NC 1862 4,000 2,907 US Victory
207 Second Rappahannock Station, VA 1863 4,000 2,089 US Victory
208 Front Royal, VA 1862 4,000 809 CS Victory
209 Second Springfield, MO 1863 3,900 521 US Victory
210 Philippi, VA 1861 3,800 30 US Victory
211 Hartsville, TN 1862 3,700 2,140 CS Victory
212 Stirling’s Plantation, LA 1863 3,650 620 CS Victory
213 Paducah, KY 1864 3,650 140 CS Victory
214 Wilson’s Wharf, VA 1864 3,600 246 US Victory
215 Kirksville, MO 1862 3,500 456 US Victory
216 Aldie, VA 1863 3,500 400 Stalemate
217 Fort Sanders, TN 1863 3,440 826 US Victory
218 Ball’s Bluff, VA 1861 3,400 1,155 CS Victory
219 Salineville, OH 1863 3,400 US Victory
220 Collierville, TN 1863 3,350 155 US Victory
221 Dover, TN 1863 3,300 795 US Victory
222 Boonville, MO 1861 3,200 81 US Victory
223 Chustenahlah, OK 1861 3,100 300 CS Victory
224 Fort Macon, NC 1862 3,050 415 US Victory
225 Fort Wagner, SC 1863 3,000 352 CS Victory
226 Kelly’s Ford, VA 1863 2,900 211 Stalemate
227 Pine Bluff, AR 1863 2,850 96 US Victory
228 Lone Jack, MO 1862 2,800 270 CS Victory
229 Fort Pillow, TN 1864 2,600 675 CS Victory
230 First Newtonia, MO 1862 2,500 345 CS Victory
231 Glorieta Pass, NM 1862 2,400 714 CS Victory
232 Cotton Plant, AR 1862 2,400 313 US Victory
233 Blountville, TN 1863 2,400 192 US Victory
234 Day’s Gap, AL 1863 2,400 88 US Victory
235 First Murfreesboro, TN 1862 2,300 1,040 CS Victory
236 Glasgow, GA 1864 2,300 450 CS Victory
237 Corydon, IN 1863 2,200 65 CS Victory
238 High Bridge, VA 1865 2,080 950 Stalemate
239 Rowlett’s Station, KY 1861 1,900 130 Stalemate
240 LaFourche Crossing, LA 1863 1,838 267 US Victory
241 Hatteras Inlet, NC 1861 1,835 703 US Victory
242 Santa Rosa Island, FL 1861 1,800 154 US Victory
243 Namozine Church, VA 1865 1,700 460 Stalemate
244 Mount Zion Church, MO 1861 1,350 315 US Victory
245 Roan’s Tan Yard, MO 1862 1,250 173 US Victory
246 First Independance, MO 1862 1,150 CS Victory
247 Clark’s Mill, MO 1862 1,113 CS Victory
248 Barbourville, KY 1861 1,100 22 CS Victory
249 South Mills, NC 1862 900 139 CS Victory
250 Tranter’s Creek, NC 1862 900 40 US Victory
251 Palmito Ranch, TX 1865 800 126 CS Victory
252 Athens, AL 1864 700 50 US Victory
253 Second Fort Sumter, SC 1863 700 CS Victory
254 Simmon’s Bluff, SC 1862 600 US Victory
255 Fort Blair, KS 1863 595 106 CS Victory
256 Fort Sumter, SC 1861 585 0 CS Victory
257 Island Number Ten, TN 1862 7,078 US Victory
258 Munfordville, KY 1862 4,814 CS Victory
259 Jonesborough, GA 1864 3,150 US Victory
260 Plymouth, NC 1864 2,800 CS Victory
261 Thompson’s Station, TN 1863 2,200 CS Victory
262 Big Black River Bridge, MS 1863 1,976 US Victory
263 New Hope Church, GA 1864 1,950 CS Victory
264 Bethesda Church, VA 1864 1,931 Stalemate
265 Helena, AR 1863 1,806 US Victory
266 Marks’ Mills, AR 1864 1,793 CS Victory
267 Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road, VA 1864 1,700 CS Victory
268 Port Gibson, MS 1863 1,648 US Victory
269 Bean’s Station, TN 1863 1,600 CS Victory
270 Rocky Face Ridge, GA 1864 1,437 US Victory
271 Spanish Fort, AL 1865 1,401 US Victory
272 Kolb’s Farm, GA 1864 1,350 US Victory
273 Manassas Station, VA 1862 1,273 CS Victory
274 First Deep Bottom, VA 1864 1,167 CS Victory
275 Darbytown and New Market Roads, VA 1864 1,158 US Victory
276 Jackson (Mississippi), MS 1863 1,136 US Victory
277 Fort Jackson and Fort St Philip, LA 1862 1,011 US Victory
278 Campbell’s Station, TN 1863 970 US Victory
279 Hatchie’s Bridge, TN 1862 900 US Victory
280 Utoy Creek, GA 1864 885 CS Victory
281 Second Charleston Harbour, SC 1863 875 Stalemate
282 Yellow Bayou, LA 1864 860 US Victory
283 Milliken’s Ford, LA 1863 837 US Victory
284 Wauhatchie, TN 1863 828 US Victory
285 Ringgold Gap, GA 1863 728 CS Victory
286 Fort Bisland, LA 1863 684 US Victory
287 Shepherdstown, VA 1862 654 CS Victory
288 Second Newtonia, MO 1864 650 US Victory
289 Buck Head Creek, GA 1864 646 US Victory
290 Berryville, VA 1864 609 Stalemate
291 Monett’s Ferry, LA 1864 600 US Victory
292 Chusto-Talasah, OK 1861 552 CS Victory
293 Guard Hill, VA 1864 551 Stalemate
294 Second Galveston, TX 1863 543 CS Victory
295 Lovejoy’s Station, GA 1864 477 CS Victory
296 Hampton Roads, VA 1862 463 Stalemate
297 Kock’s Plantation, LA 1863 463 CS Victory
298 First Dalton, GA 1864 440 CS Victory
299 Poison Spring, AR 1864 415 CS Victory
300 Middleburg, VA 1863 390 Stalemate
301 Chalk Bluff, MO 1863 330 CS Victory
302 Second Donaldsville, LA 1863 324 US Victory
303 Marton’s Ford, VA 1864 322 Stalemate
304 Blue Springs, TN 1863 316 US Victory
305 Brentwood, TN 1863 311 CS Victory
306 Fair Garden, TN 1864 265 US Victory
307 Amelia Springs, VA 1865 258 Stalemate
308 Plains Store, LA 1863 250 US Victory
309 First Franklin, TN 1863 237 US Victory
310 First Rappahanock Station, VA 1862 225 Stalemate
311 Goldsborough Bridge, NC 1862 220 US Victory
312 Blair’s Landing, LA 1864 207 US Victory
313 Saint Charles, AR 1862 203 US Victory
314 Second Memphis, TN 1864 194 CS Victory
315 Hartville, MO 1863 189 CS Victory
316 Johnsonville, TN 1864 161 CS Victory
317 Suffolk (Hill’s Point), VA 1863 160 Stalemate
318 Princeton Courthouse, VA 1862 129 CS Victory
319 Devil’s Backbone, AR 1863 127 US Victory
320 Round Mountain, OK 1861 121 CS Victory
321 White Oak Swamp, VA 1862 115 Stalemate
322 Second Auburn, VA 1863 113 Stalemate
323 First Chattanooga, TN 1862 88 US Victory
324 Cabin Creek, OK 1863 88 US Victory
325 Albemarle Sound, NC 1864 88 Stalemate
326 Drewry’s Bluff, VA 1862 39 CS Victory
327 First Charleston Harbour, SC 1863 35 CS Victory
328 Fort McAllister, GA 1863 9 CS Victory
329 Boonsboro, MD 1863 Stalemate
330 Summit Point, VA 1864 Stalemate
331 Smithfield Crossing, VA 1864 Stalemate
332 Williamsport, MD 1863 Stalemate
333 Goodrich’s Landing, LA 1863 Stalemate
334 Manassas Gap, VA 1863 Stalemate
335 Hoover’s Gap, TN 1863 US Victory
336 Upperville, VA 1863 Stalemate
337 Galveston Harbour, TX 1862 US Victory
338 Rossville Gap, GA 1863 US Victory
339 Mossy Creek, TN 1863 US Victory
340 Dandridge, TN 1864 CS Victory
341 Middle Boggy, OK 1864 US Victory
342 Meridian, MS 1864 US Victory
343 Buckland Mills, VA 1863 CS Victory
344 Fort Brooke, FL 1863 US Victory
345 Walkerton, VA 1864 CS Victory
346 Prairie D’Ane, AR 1864 US Victory
347 Davis’ Crossroads, GA 1863 Stalemate
348 Bayou Fourche, AR 1863 US Victory
349 Second Chattanooga, TN 1863 US Victory
350 Vermillion Bayou, LA 1863 US Victory
351 Adairsville, GA 1864 US Victory
352 Second Dalton, GA 1864 US Victory
353 Saint John’s Bluff, FL 1862 US Victory
354 Marietta, GA 1864 US Victory
355 First Sabine Pass, TX 1862 US Victory
356 Jackson (Tennessee), TN 1862 CS Victory
357 Irish Bend, LA 1863 US Victory
358 Grand Gulf, MS 1863 CS Victory
359 Snyder’s Bluff, MS 1863 CS Victory
360 Darbytown Road, VA 1864 CS Victory
361 Byram’s Ford, MO 1864 US Victory
362 Marmiton River, MO 1864 US Victory
363 Natural Bridge, FL 1865 CS Victory
364 Folck’s Mill, MD 1864 Stalemate
365 Mansura, LA 1864 US Victory

Ten Biggest Battles of the American Civil War – Gettysburg

 

Maps :

Gettysburg Campaign

Gettysburg Battlefield

Following Robert E Lee’s stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, southern morale was on a high as the war entered its third summer. Yet from the standpoint of Davis’ government in Richmond the situation in late May 1863 for the Confederacy was anything but rosy. Military success in the eastern theatre had been bought at a heavy cost – the economy was in freefall, with the once lucrative seaborne export trade reduced to few hardy blockade runners. The casualties that had been incurred in a string of victories had been heavy, a resource that the south could scarce afford to lose with its much smaller population. Additionally all of the major battles (with the exception of Sharpsburg) had taken place in Confederate territory, many in the same small area of north Virginia, and a myriad of smaller scale battles in Kentucky and Tennessee leaving the farmlands stripped bare by the repeated passage of two very large armies.

Outside of the eastern theatre, the military situation was far worse; Confederate attempts to take the state of Kentucky had finally ended in failure at the battle of Perryville the previous autumn and a desperate struggle was now underway to retain control of Tennessee. At the same time that Lincoln replaced McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac with Burnside, he also replaced Gen Don Carlos Buell of the Army of the Cumberland for his ineffectual performance at Perryville, with Gen William Rosecrans. Whilst Burnside’s January offensive on the Rappahannock was stalling in the mud, Rosecrans defeated 35,000 Confederates of the Army of Tennessee under Gen Braxton Bragg at the 2nd battle of Murfreesboro (Stones River), 30 miles southwest of Nashville and Bragg was now holed up in the last Confederate stronghold in the centre of the state, the fortress of Chattanooga on the Tennessee river, just five miles north of the border with Georgia.

Further west, along the Mississippi, the situation was even more dire. On 16th May, just two weeks after Chancellorsville, the 32,000 men of the Union Army of The Tennessee under Gen Ulysses Grant had defeated 22,000 rebels under Gen John Pemberton at the battle of Champion Hill, Mississippi, sending the remnants fleeing back to the fortress of Vicksburg, the last remaining Confederate stronghold on the great river and placing it under siege. If Vicksburg fell, the Union would have unbroken control of the river, cutting the Confederacy in two.

Within the Confederate high command, a debate raged as to the best way to exploit Lee’s success. One party, including President Davis, favoured a redeployment of a significant part of Lee’s force to the west to either lift the siege of Vicksburg or to reinforce Bragg in a renewed attempt to drive Rosecrans from central Tennessee. Lee however favoured a second invasion of the north, believing firstly that the presence of a large Confederate army on Union territory would encourage the “copperhead” peace movement in the north that had gained ground since Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville and secondly that the ravaged farmlands of north Virginia should be spared a further campaign, with the fight taken to the rich, and largely untouched agricultural lands of Maryland and Pennsylvania.  A successful campaign now that thrust north through the Shenandoah Valley then east to threaten Baltimore, Philadelphia or even Washington itself, might – just might – be all that was needed to force Lincoln to sue for peace and recognise the Confederacy.

The Gettysburg Campaign opened on June 3rd 1863; both armies were still gathered either side of the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg, when Lee began to quietly move his Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to the northwest. The Union Army of the Potomac, still commanded by Gen Joseph Hooker despite the heavy defeat at Chancellorsville, began probing attacks across the river and soon established that a large force was moving. On 9th June, five miles up the Orange & Alexandria railroad from Culpepper Courthouse, the cavalry outriders from both armies met. At the battle of Brandy Station 11,000 Union cavalry under Gen Alfred Pleasanton who had been shadowing them along the north bank of the Rappahannock collided with 9,500 Rebel horseman under Gen JEB Stuart.   The Battle of Brandy Station was the largest cavalry engagement ever fought on the American continent, and ended in a bloody stalemate with 1,600 casualties. Although Pleasanton’s men didn’t discover the presence of Lee’s main force, now assembling near Culpepper, it at least confirmed to Hooker that Lee’s army was on the move.

After the standoff at Brandy Station, Lee divided his army into three columns, each led by one of his Corps Commanders for the march north. The first, under Gen Richard S Ewell struck out for Front Royal in the Shenandoah and marched up the valley towards Winchester, using the Blue Ridge mountains to the east to screen their passage. They had been ordered to thrust deep into Union territory, past the old Sharpsburg battlefield in Maryland and on into Pennsylvania to threaten the rail centre at Harrisburg.

In the days that followed further columns under James Longstreet and Ambrose Powell Hill struck to the east of the Blue Ridge then crossed over into the Shenandoah at Ashby’s Gap and Snicker’s Gap to follow Ewell on the march north, whilst Stuart and the cavalry remained on the eastern side of the mountains. By the 14thJune Gen Hooker realised that Lee’s main force was no longer at Fredericksburg; “Fighting Joe’s” natural instincts led him to contemplate a move on unprotected Richmond, but he was firmly ordered by Lincoln to pursue Lee northwards, keeping his own army at all times between Lee and Washington. Splitting his seven corps into two columns, he sent each north on either side of Manassas Junction in the direction of Leesburg whilst Pleasanton’s cavalry shadowed JEB Stuart as he attempted to cover the Blue Ridge Passes.

The previous day, Ewell and 12,500 men of the Confederate II Corps had reached Winchester at the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley and attacked the 7,000 man Union garrison there, led by Gen Robert Milroy. Placed in a strategically critical location some 50 miles west of Washington, Winchester held the unenviable reputation of being the most fought over town in the civil war – estimated to have changed hands some seventy times by the end of the conflict. The Second Battle of Winchester lasted three days and resulted in complete victory for Ewell, who inflicted 500 casualties and took 4,000 prisoners for the loss of only 270 of his own men and also resulted in the dismissal of Milroy from his command.

On June 17th Stuart’s force arrived in the vicinity of the village of Aldie, 20 miles west of Washington, a strategic point on roads that led to Snickers Gap and Ashby’s Gap, two key passes over the Blue Ridge and met Pleasanton’s Union cavalry probing toward the mountains. The result was the inconclusive battles of Aldie and Middleburg, followed by a further clash on the 21st at the Battle of Upperville.  By the 25th Hooker, although in the dark as to Lee’s true intentions, now knew for certain that the Confederates were across the Potomac in force and heading for Maryland, so ordered his force into Maryland also and concentrated around Frederick and Middletown; but Lee was way ahead of him, having already crossed north into Pennsylvania, and was now near Chambersburg and Ewell at Carlisle.

Lee however, had problems of his own, if Hooker did not know what Lee’s intentions where, Lee had no idea where Hooker’s army even was. This was because Stuart had been ordered to use part of his force to cover the Blue Ridge passes, part to screen the army’s march north and keep them appraised of the position of Hooker’s army and with the rest of his force to raid eastwards to disrupt Union army’s march. When Stuart set out however, he found his way blocked by columns of Federal troops also moving north and was forced to veer south, around Manassas, before turning north himself and arriving at the outer defences of Washington on the 28th. In between Stuart and the main Confederate force, all seven of the Union Corps where massed around Frederick, Maryland intending to move north.

Hooker meanwhile, a few days earlier and under heavy pressure from Washington, had had a spat with Halleck over whether he should be allowed to re-deploy the garrison at Harper’s Ferry and in a fit of pique had tendered his resignation to Lincoln which, much to his surprise, was accepted. On the 28th, the same day that JEB Stuart’s cavalry skirted the outer defensive forts of Washington, command of the Army of the Potomac passed to Gen George Gordon Meade.

Born in Cadiz, Spain, Meade was the son of successful US businessman who had grown rich servicing contracts to the Spanish government in the early part of the 19th century. The family business collapsed during the Napoleonic invasion of Spain in 1808 leading to financial ruin for his father, who died a few years later. After his return to the US he graduated from West Point and enjoyed a successful career, serving with distinction in both the Seminole and Mexican wars. After the Mexican conflict he went into Civil Engineering and was responsible for the design and construction of several lighthouses, and was, at the outbreak of war, a member of the Great Lakes Survey team, having published the first detailed hydrological survey of the Great Lakes. He served in the eastern theatre of the war in all the major campaigns and was badly wounded at the Battle of Glendale during the Seven Days. At Fredericksburg the following year his assault against the Rebel positions on Prospect Hill was regarded as the closest thing to a success that the Army of the Potomac had in that otherwise unmitigated defeat. Regarded as a strict disciplinarian and a with somewhat prickly temperament, Meade was known as “old snapping turtle” to his men. Establishing his headquarters at Taneytown, Maryland he began by writing to each of his corps commanders that they were authorised “… to shoot any man who refused to do his duty ..”,  before ordering a concentration further north in the vicinity of a small college town in Pennsylvania where all the local roads converged – called Gettysburg.

Stuart continued his ride north, and around, Meade’s vast army intending to link up with Ewell’s corps, then between Carlisle and Harrisburg. On the 28th he encountered and captured a large Union supply train near Rockville before pushing on Westminster the following day where he met and defeated a small Union cavalry force under Maj Napoleon Knight. On the following day, he again encountered Union cavalry, this time under Pleasanton and fought the inconclusive battle of Hanover, before finally reaching Dover on the morning of the 1st of July.

Lee, still out of contact with Stuart, had finally received some reliable intelligence as to Meade’s dispositions by way of a Confederate spy. The man was named Henry Thomas Harrison, an out of work actor from Mississippi who turned out to have a talent for intelligence gathering. Paid by Longstreet to hang around bars in Washington and monitor the local press he learned that the Union force was concentrating at Frederick. Riding out there in person, he discovered that the information was true and that two corps were already there, with the rest on the way and moving north. He rode north and passed on the information to Lee together with the news of Meade’s appointment. This was the first information that Lee had received that indicated that the Union army was even across the Potomac and he decided on a concentration of his army at Cashtown, with Ewell at Carlisle, intending to finally concentrate at the only point in the vicinity were all the roads converged – Gettysburg.

The Battle of Gettysburg came about, allegedly, due to the rumour that there was a supply of shoes there, always in demand for the famously ill-shod Confederates. Lee sent a division under Gen Henry Heth from DH Hill’s corps from Cashtown to investigate and it was there, on the morning of 1st July, that they encountered the first cavalry outriders from Meade’s army – two brigades (about 2,500 men) under Gen John Buford, who had entered the town the previous evening. Buford deployed his men along Seminary Ridge just beyond a Lutheran Theological Seminary to the west of the town as Heth’s men attacked; although the Union troops were heavily outnumbered, they were armed with the new breech-loading Spencer Carbines, and with their superior firepower held their position as both commanders sent out riders to summon reinforcements.

Lee’s main force was moving toward the town from the west along the Chambersburg Pike, while Ewell was approaching from the north along the Carlisle Road. Meanwhile, the Union First Corps under Gen John Reynolds was just ten miles to the south, with a further corps under Gen Oliver Howard a few miles behind them. By midday, Reynolds had reinforced Buford and Howard had deployed north of the town across the Carlisle road as the first major clashes occurred. With more and more Confederate troops arriving on the battle field, a bitter fight for the ridge lines west and north of the town developed, with the Union force being pushed off the ridges and back through the town, to form a new defensive line by sundown along Culp’s Hill and Cemetery Hill. Both sides incurred heavy casualties, 15,000 in total, among them the Union I Corps Commander, John Reynolds, killed by a sniper. The remaining forces from both sides now began to arrive overnight to bring the total on each side to 94,000 Union, in seven corps, against 72,000 Confederates in three corps.

A debate raged among the Confederate command, with Lee wishing to capitalise on the successes of the days fighting by bringing on a full scale engagement, which he was convinced could be won. He was strongly opposed in this by Longstreet, who considered that Meade’s position on the high ground was too strong, and moreover, with the bulk of the Army of the Potomac committed here at Gettysburg, the roads to the south, on to Washington, were wide open. Surely, he argued, here was an opportunity to redeploy to the south and get between Meade and Washington, then pick high ground of their own choosing near to the Union capital and serve up another Fredericksburg – and possibly end the war there and then. But it was Lee who prevailed; little did he know it then, but Meade was about to serve up a Fredericksburg of his own.

By the morning of the 2nd July, Meade had deployed his force in the shape of a fishhook south of the town. The line curved south of Gettysburg along Culp’s and Cemetery Hills, before turning south along Cemetery Ridge, to terminate at a small wooded Hill called Little Round top; with the Confederates deployed north and to the west of the Union position.  Lee began to launch a series of probing attacks in sequence, like a firecracker going off, looking for weak points in the Union line, beginning at the southern end. His battle plan called for an attack in the south to capture the two Round Top hills (then unoccupied) by Longstreet’s Corps plus an assault against the Peach Orchard. Next came an attack on Cemetery Ridge by A.P. Hill’s Corps, followed by a final demonstration against Culp’s Hill by Gen Bushrod Johnson’s men.

The southern end of the Union line probably looked the weakest to Lee. Neither of the Round Tops were occupied at that point, the part of the line immediately north of them being occupied by the Union III Corps, led by Gen Daniel Sickles. Unlike many of his fellow Corps commanders, Sickles came from a political background, having no significant military experience when he was commissioned (as a Colonel) in 1862. Sickles was from New York and studied law as a young man in the offices of future Gen and Military Governor of occupied New Orleans, Benjamin Butler; becoming, in 1853, Chief Law Officer for the City of New York and later going on to serve as a member of the US Legation in London under future president James Buchanan. He went on in the late 1850’s to serve in the New York State Senate before securing election to the US Congress as a Democrat, a post he held until the spring of 1861. Sickles was best known before the war for a number of high profile scandals; these included being censured by State Assembly for entertaining a prostitute in his apartments, then taking her on a trip to London where he passed her off as his wife when presented to Queen Victoria at an official function; his real (and then pregnant) wife, allegedly only 15 years of age when he married her, was left behind in New York. In 1859, he shot and killed the US Attorney for the District of Columbia in a duel after accusing him of having an affair with his wife. The case is notable for being the first successful use of a temporary insanity plea to secure acquittal in US legal history. In 1862 he raised a regiment of volunteers in New York and was commissioned a Colonel at their head, eventually securing promotion to Brig Gen. He served in the Peninsula campaign, but missed both 2nd Manassas and Sharpsburg as his unit was assigned to the defences of Washington. His closest friend and ally in the army was Gen Joseph Hooker, with whom he shared a well known fondness for whiskey and women.

Assigned to command of the III Corps at Gettysburg, he had been ordered to deploy his troops along Cemetery Ridge at the southern point on the line, but disobeyed Meade’s orders and instead moved his troops forward 800 yards to the Peach Orchard which appeared to him a better position, but which created a dangerous salient in the Union line, just as Lee’s attack was beginning. Longstreet assigned the division of Gen Lafayette McLaws to assault the Peach Orchard, the Wheat Field and the Devil’s Den as a fierce hand-hand fight ensued, with Meade pouring in reinforcements in the face of repeated infantry charges by the Confederates. Although McLaws’ assault was repulsed, the cost was heavy with the III Corps effectively destroyed as a fighting force and Sickles himself carried from the field on a stretcher after having his leg mangled by a hit from a canon ball – it would later be amputated – all the while coolly smoking a cigar and shouting encouragement to his men.

The remainder of Longstreet’s attack force was led by Gen John Bell Hood and was tasked with capturing the two Round Top hills; in fact he had a third division in his command, led by Gen George Pickett, but this was still in transit from Cashtown and would not arrive until the end of the day, after fighting had died down.

Originally from Kentucky, Hood had graduated from West Point in 1853 having been in the same class as James McPherson and John Schofield, and was a pupil of George Thomas – all of whom he would face on the battlefield during the Civil War. After graduation he served as a First Lieutenant in California and Texas, the latter becoming his adopted home; and it was in Texas whilst fighting the Comanche that he received the first of the many serious wounds of his military career – shot by an arrow through his hand. He quit the army immediately after the war started, dissatisfied with the neutrality of his home state, and served his adopted state of Texas instead, commissioned as a Colonel to lead an infantry brigade. In march 1862, he was promoted to Brig Gen and led the Texas Brigade with distinction during the Seven Days and subsequent campaigns, where he acquired a reputation for bravery bordering on recklessness.

When Meade saw the Confederate deployments he quickly realised the danger of losing the hills and rushed a brigade from V Corps under Col Strong Vincent to its summit, just as the Hood’s assault was beginning, with fierce fighting still raging in the Wheat Field and the Devil’s Den. Little Round Top was a small, steep, rocky, heavily wooded hill occupied by just four small regiments; on the very end of the Union line, right at the summit was placed a depleted regiment of just 400 men – the 20th Maine, led by a polyglot theology academic – Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.

Born in Brewer, Maine in 1828, he was the great-grandson of Franklin Chamberlain, a sergeant at the siege of Yorktown in the Revolutionary War, and the grandson of Joshua Chamberlain Snr, a Colonel in the War of 1812. Despite the family’s traditions, Chamberlain had no military background himself, his pre-war career being spent in academia. He attended Bowdoin College after self-teaching himself to speak Greek; and it was there that he met Harriet Beecher-Stowe, the wife of one of his teachers, and attended readings of early drafts of her novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin.  After a stint at theological college he returned to Bowdoin and held a professorial chair in rhetoric; he would later be appointed Professor of Modern Languages, being fluent in no fewer than nine other tongues – French, Spanish, German, Italian, Hebrew, Arabic, Greek, Latin and Syriac. Strongly motivated both to maintain the Union and to see the abolition of slavery, Chamberlain volunteered in 1861, and was commissioned as Lt Col of Volunteers, soon rising to full Colonel of the 20th Maine; he also served for a time as chaplain to another Maine regiment. Present at both the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, his regiment saw little action in either, so were relatively un-blooded when thrust into the carnage at Gettysburg.

Despite being heavily outnumbered, Chamberlain’s men held their critical position against repeated charges up the boulder-strewn slope by swarms of Confederate infantry. Eventually, out of ammunition and in danger of being overwhelmed, Chamberlain ordered his men to thin the line to double its length, then fixed bayonets and charged down the boulder strewn slope, littered with Rebel dead and wounded. Incredibly, the courageous manoeuvre worked, and the Confederates broke – those who weren’t killed or captured, fleeing back down the hill; Gen Hood himself was among the wounded, receiving the bullet wound that left his arm paralysed for the remainder of his life.

With the failure of the attack on Little Round Top, the action switched to the north and centre of the Union line, where an assault was launched against Cemetery Ridge by AP Hill’s Corps and a further attack against Culp’s Hill and Cemetery Hill by Bushrod Johnson. The situation was particularly precarious on Cemetery Ridge, only lightly held after reinforcements had been sent to strengthen other parts of line, with the II Corps commander Gen Winfield Hancock desperately throwing in any troops he could find until eventually ordering a bayonet charge before the Confederates finally broke and retreated back across the Emmitsburg Road, and fighting died down for the day. At about mid afternoon on the second day, JEB Stuart finally arrived from Dover with the cavalry to receive a severe admonishment from Lee for failing to keep him informed and for encumbering the army with the large train of supply wagons that Stuart had captured a few days earlier at Rockville, near Washington.

At the overnight battle conference, both armies took time to re-group and to prepare for the next day’s fighting. Union troops were brought up to strengthen the line, particularly on Hancock’s front, in the centre, whilst Lee was strengthened by the arrival of George Pickett’s uncommitted division of Longstreet’s Corps. Having observed the day’s action, Lee became convinced that a determined assault against the Union centre, which had only just held against AP Hill’s assault was to attack the weakest point. Believing that the Union reserves were being used the bolster the wings on Little Round Top and Culp’s Hill, it seemed to him that their most successful fighting had been there and a massed artillery bombardment followed by an infantry charge against Hancock’s position on Cemetery Ridge would break the line, and destroy the Union position. Again, Longstreet was opposed to the plan, arguing that with the interior lines at their disposal, if the Union centre was weak now, it would not stay that way long. Moreover the massed Confederate infantry would have to traverse over a mile of open ground as it crossed the Emmitsburg Road, under artillery fire the whole way. Lee’s view carried the day however, with his belief that determined artillery fire, plus a demonstration by Ewell against Culp’s Hill, would clear Hancock’s troops from the ridge and effect a breakthrough in the Union centre. Unfortunately for Lee, Meade had also held a council of war that night, and had come to exactly the same conclusion – and consequently heavily reinforced his position in the centre, setting the scene for the third, climactic day of battle.

The lead unit for the attack was to be the remaining uncommitted division from Longstreet’s corps, led by Gen George Pickett.  A native of Richmond, Virginia, and son of one of Virginia’s oldest families of solid English stock, Pickett was best known before the war for his actions at the Battle of Chapultepec in the Mexican war, where, despite being wounded, he was handed the colours – by none other than his commanding officer at Gettysburg, James Longstreet – and carried them up onto the ramparts to announce the surrender of the fortress. He also once challenged to a duel the man who would command the forces ranged against him on Cemetery Ridge – Winfield Hancock. Pickett’s three brigade commanders for the coming assault where Gen James Kemper, a career politician who held the post of Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates; Gen Richard Garnett, a veteran of the Mexican and Seminole wars who had served under Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah campaign and had been arrested by Jackson for alleged neglect of duty and was only spared courts martial by the intervention of Lee. A few days before Gettysburg, Garnett had had a severe fall from horse and was unable to walk, but insisted on leading his men in person from horseback during the attack. Finally there was Lewis “Lo” Armistead,  also a member of an English descended Old Virginia family, he was the nephew of Maj George Armistead who’s actions at the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812 inspired the lyric for The Star Spangled Banner. A career army officer who, like his commander George Pickett, had been wounded at the Battle of Chapultepec, he served in a wide variety of posts in the far west before fetching up as Captain in command of the garrison of San Diego in California where he formed a close and enduring friendship with unit’s Quartermaster. At the outbreak of war each of the two men left to join the two sides, Armistead to the Confederate army and his friend to the Union army. Armistead’s last words to his dear friend on parting were said to be “Goodbye; you can never know what this has cost me”. That man was none other than the commander of the troops he would fight that very day – Gen Winfield Hancock

Two other divisions would also take part –  one led by Gen Issac Trimble, a former railway engineer and executive who had been severely wounded at the 2nd Battle of Manassas; the other by a former academic, linguist, author and diplomat Gen Johnston Pettigrew. Like his colleague Trimble, Pettigrew had also been severely wounded earlier in the war, taking a bullet through the throat and almost bleeding to death at the Battle of Fair Oaks Station (Seven Pines) during the Peninsula Campaign. The total Confederate force for the attack was about 12,500 men, supported by 70 guns, massed on Seminary Ridge

Also present to witness the assault was an Englishman, Col Arthur Fremantle of the Coldstream Guards. Although travelling as a private citizen, he toured many areas in the western theatre, accompanied Lee’s army on the Gettysburg campaign and was regarded by many of the Confederate officers that he met as an unofficial British military observer. Described by many of those men as a charming and eloquent, if sometimes a little gullible, he is nonetheless regarded as the foremost among the foreign witnesses to the war, his work Three Months in the Southern States being widely read on both sides of the Atlantic and containing many portraits of the men he met, and a detailed description of the minutiae of life in the Confederacy during the civil war. He also witnessed, after Gettysburg, the New York draft riots shortly before his return to Britain. For all his gifts as a travel and military writer I’m sorry to have to tell you that Fremantle himself was something of a toy soldier, having never actually fired a shot in anger in his life – his country Great Britain having wisely chosen to stay out of every major European war since Waterloo. Although he enjoyed high rank later in his career,  serving as a General in the Sudan campaign of the 1880’s it is principally as a writer on the American Civil war that he is remembered, where he fulfils, at least to American eyes, the essential role as the representative of the former colonial power who is both the recipient of an education into how America saw itself and had grown since Independance as well as a, completely genuine, admirer of the armies of both sides, but particularly the Confederates who’s feats of bravery against more numerous foes struck a chord with his own country’s experience of war.

The assault opened with an artillery barrage from the Confederate guns on Seminary Ridge, with one of the opening salvoes slicing in two a Union orderly as he served breakfast to the senior officers.  Hancock however, by now heavily reinforced by Meade, answered with his own batteries which took a heavy toll of the Rebel crews, forcing their commander, Col Edward Alexander, to withdraw his ammunition caissons out of range, thus grievously reducing their rate of fire, just as the attack was commencing. Fremantle observed the barrage and noted his surprise at seeing a military band playing polkas and waltzes as the battle raged just a few hundred yards away. Hancock meanwhile, his dispositions made, had nothing left to do but mount his horse, draw his sabre and ride up and down the line shouting encouragement to his men; when asked by one of his aides to ride out of range he replied that “there are occasions when the life of a commanding officer simply doesn’t count”. He would be wounded shortly afterwards, by a rifle bullet, and sat out the remainder of the battle from the rear.

Always a desperate endeavour, the charge became an impossible one once the artillery had failed to clear Hancock’s men from the ridge and the Confederates took fearful losses as they advanced across the open fields and over the Emmitsburg Road; before being met by murderous volleys of rifle fire as they approached the Union line. A Union soldier recalled the first volley as it went in, remembering that a sound like a collective sigh went up from Rebels in the front rank as the first shots hit them, accompanied by hats, guns and body parts being tossed into the air. The Confederates only reached the wall in one place, close “The Angle” and all that made it over the wall were either killed or captured, the Union soldiers chanting “Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg” as the remainder of the Confederate force fell back towards Seminary Ridge. Armistead was among the men who reached the Union position, but was wounded almost immediately; subsequently captured, he died later that day in a Union military hospital. Fremantle, who encountered Longstreet sitting on a snake rail fence as the attack failed remarked to his host that he would not have missed Longstreet’s men’s “magnificent charge” for anything. Longstreet laughed and replied “I would very much like to have missed it, we have been repulsed, see there ….”. Fremantle would later record seeing the hordes of Confederate wounded streaming back across Seminary Ridge “as thick as the crowds on Oxford Street on a Saturday”.

“Picketts Charge”, which should rather have been called “Robert E Lee’s charge” since he ordered it against all advice, was an unmitigated disaster for the Confederates, the attack force suffering 50% casualties. As well as Armistead, Garnett would also be killed, and many of the remaining divisional and brigade commanders were wounded; Kemper took a bullet in the groin that could not be removed and left him in pain for the rest of his life. He would be captured, then escaped, then was captured again during the retreat from Gettysburg and subsequently exchanged for a Union prisoner. Trimble was badly wounded, captured and had his leg amputated before being paroled; he would take no further part in the war. Finally, Pettigrew was wounded by a canister fire 100 yards from the Union line, but continued to lead his men until carried to the rear; he survived the battle only to be killed shortly after at the battle of Williamsport (Falling Waters) during the retreat from Gettysburg. George Picket survived the battle unscathed and served for the remainder of the war, but never forgave Lee for what happened that day, remarking in later life “that old man had my division slaughtered at Gettysburg”.

Lee attempted to rally his men in person, taking personal responsibility for the debacle and trying to prepare for a Union counterattack that never came. The day’s fighting concluded with two minor cavalry battles to the south and east of the Union position as mounted Rebel units placed to exploit any breakthrough were met and repulsed by Union horseman, as well as an separate cavalry engagement at the Battle of Fairfield, ten miles west of Gettysburg, fought at the same time that Pickett’s charge went in.

By now completely exhausted and having suffered combined casualties of 46,000 (23,000 on each side), there was no renewal of fighting the following day as heavy rain began to fall on the blood soaked fields. Lee ordered a retreat late in the day on the 4th July, at the same time as Ulysses Grant accepted the surrender of the fortress of Vicksburg on the Mississippi, cutting the Confederacy in two.

The Confederates drew off towards Cashtown and Chambersburg, then back towards Virginia via Hagerstown eventually reaching the Potomac a week later; the Confederate wagon train containing the wounded was said to be seventeen miles long. Meade’s force was almost as badly mauled as Lee’s and the pursuit was half-hearted, allowing Lee to reach the river virtually without incident. However on getting there, Lee found the Potomac swollen by heavy rain and had to fight the rearguard battle of Williamsport (Falling Waters) on the 16th, before finally getting his men across, and fighting the minor battle of Manassas Gap on the 23rd then finally re-crossing the Rappahannock and bringing the Gettysburg campaign to a close.

Much has been written about the two opposing generals at Gettysburg, with the common interpretation being that the Union had finally found the answer to Old Man Lee in the form of Old Man Meade – but that for me is wide of the mark. Meade certainly played his part in stiffening the resolve of his force, but the re-organisation and restoration of the army after the defeats of six months previously were more to do with Hooker and Halleck than with Meade, who was appointed only three days before battle was joined. The plain truth is that Lee had simply become overconfident after the victories of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. Bold action had become his hallmark for the simple reason that with his smaller force, boldness was all he had available to him. Risk taking became a habit and a dangerous one, and at Gettysburg, Lee simply took one risk too many. For all his undoubted qualities, Lee fought the wrong battle, at the wrong place for the wrong reason; and it was the Confederacy that paid the ultimate price.

Although the war was to continue for another two years, the twin Union victories of Gettysburg and Vicksburg effectively ended all Confederate hopes of victory. Never again would any significant Confederate incursion into Union territory be possible and the war took on a largely defensive character for them in the eastern theatre. Despite a final Rebel success, Chickamauga, in the western theatre the war now became just a matter of time before the military and economic facts of life asserted themselves in the bloody and long drawn out final phase of the conflict.

“Fremantle”

Copyright ©2012 Savereo John