Great War Statistics – The Cost of the Great War

1918isovereign2obv400

 

£m
Britain 7,852
France 5,392
USA 5,028
Russia 5,021
Italy 2,736
British Empire 999
Other Allies 881
Total 27,909

1 Direct Spending by Entente Governments 1914 – 1918 £m

£m
Germany 8,394
Austria-Hungary 4,583
Bulgaria and Ottomans 499
Total 13,476

2 Direct Spending by Central Powers Governments 1914 – 1918 £m

Pre-1914 Post-1918
Japan 20% 13%
France 13% 18%
Canada 11% 11%
Italy 11% 11%
Britain 9% 27%
Germany 8% 12%
Australia 8% 10%
USA 2% 8%

3 Changes in Personal Taxation between 1914 and 1918

 

Government Spending 41,385
Capitalised Value of Lost Lives 14,912
Loss of Production 10,000
Loss of Property 6,658
Loss of Merchant Ships 1,511
Loss to Neutrals 393
War Relief 1
Total 74,860

 

4 Global Cost of the Great War £m

£m
  From Britain From USA Total
Britain 959 959
France 482 634 1,116
Italy 459 354 813
Russia 631 42 673
Belgium 96 76 172
Serbia 20 6 26
Roumania 7 7
Greece 10 10
Cuba 2 2
Liberia 1 1
British Empire + Others 243 243
Total 1,931 2,091 4,022

5 Cash Advances and Loans made by Britain and USA to other Entente Powers £m

 

£m
USA +278.5
Japan +183.0
Spain +84.0
Argentina +49.0
Netherlands +41.0
Switzerland +12.5
Uruguay +10.0
Sweden +10.0
Denmark +9.0
Canada +9.0
Norway +4.5
Australia +1.0
Greece +0.5
New Zealand 0.0
South Africa -0.5
Finland -0.5
Bulgaria -1.0
Portugal -1.5
Belgium -4.0
Roumania -7.0
Italy -19.0
France -25.0
Britain -42.0
Austria-Hungary -55.0
Germany -123.0

6 Changes in Gold Reserves 1914 – 1918 £m

Sources for statistics

Savereo John 2017

 

 

Great War Statistics – British Investment Overseas

railways

  World In Europe
Britain 44.0% 5.2%
France 19.8% 51.9%
Germany 12.8% 44.0%
USA 7.7% 20.0%

1 World Foreign Investment 1913

World = % all of foreign investment worldwide

In Europe = % of which in Europe

Eg. 44% of all foreign investment in the world originated in Britain, but only 5.3% of that was in Europe. France on the other hand contributed 19.8% of world investment, but 51.9% of it was in Europe

 

$m %
Anglo America 6,347 34.2%
Latin America 3,783 20.4%
Africa 2,262 12.2%
Australia and New Zealand 2,082 11.2%
India 1,894 10.2%
Asia – Other 1,329 7.2%
Europe 876 4.7%
Total 18,573

2 British Overseas Investments 1913 $ – By Geography

 

Sector $m %
Railways 7,605 40.9%
Government 5,535 29.8%
Heavy Industry, Mining, Oil 1,720 9.3%
Banking and Financial 1,587 8.5%
Utilities & Communications 501 2.7%
Transport inc seaborne 434 2.3%
Other Commercial and Industrial 1,192 6.4%
Total 18,573

3 British Overseas Investment 1913 $ – By Sector

Sources for statistics

Savereo John 2017

Great War Statistics – Economic

money

World % GDP $bn Per-Capita $
British 23.5% 561.2 1,258
Chinese 21.8% 241.4 582
Russian 9.3% 264.3 1,498
US 5.6% 522.2 4,917
French 5.2% 170.2 1,414
German 4.1% 258.4 3,227
Japanese 3.9% 92.8 1,251
Hapsburg 2.7% 122.4 1,986
Italian 2.0% 97.7 2,428
Ottoman 1.2% 25.3 1,100
Portuguese 0.8% 13.6 925

1 Global Empires in 1914

Columns –

World % – Percentage of world population

GDP $bn – Gross Domestic Product in $billion

Per-Capita Income – Average income in $

People GDP Per Capita Foreign Trade %GDP
millions $bn $ Imp Exp All Trade
Entente (1st Wave)
Britain 45.65 229.60 5,030 16.1% 13.5% 29.6%
Belgium 7.60 32.40 4,264 4.4% 3.6% 8.0%
France 39.77 129.04 3,245 8.0% 6.8% 14.8%
Russia 170.09 265.09 1,559 2.8% 4.0% 6.8%
Japan 55.10 76.50 1,388 1.8% 1.6% 3.4%
Serbia 3.03 3.20 1,060 (No Data)
Central Powers
Germany 66.98 280.00 4,180 12.7% 12.4% 25.1%
Austria-Hungary 47.51 122.39 2,576 3.4% 2.9% 6.3%
Ottoman Empire 23.00 18.30 1,408 (No Data)
Entente (2nd & 3rd Wave)
USA 97.61 517.38 5,300 9.1% 12.8% 21.9%
Italy 35.42 96.38 2,721 3.5% 2.5% 6.0%

2 Main Combatants Economic Balance (Home Territory Only) 1914

Columns –

People – Population in millions (excludes overseas territories)

GDP – Gross Domestic Product in $billions

Per-Capita – Average income = GDP / Population in $

Foreign Trade %GDP – Total Foreign Trade (Imports + Exports) as percentage of GDP

 

Per Capita Income $   Gross Domestic Product $bn
1 USA 5,300 USA 517.4
2 Britain (UK) 5,030 Germany 280.0
3 Belgium 4,264 Russia 265.1
4 Germany 4,180 China 243.7
5 France 3,496 Britain (UK) 229.6
6 Italy 2,721 Britain (India) 204.0
7 Austria-Hungary 2,576 France 129.0
8 Romania 1,708 Austria-Hungary 122.4
9 Russia 1,558 Italy 96.4
10 Greece 1,454 Japan 76.5
11 Bulgaria 1,450 Belgium 32.4
12 Turkey 1,407 Brazil 25.0
13 Japan 1,388 Turkey 18.3
14 Portugal 1,257 Romania 12.5
15 Brazil 1,232 Portugal 7.5
16 Serbia & Montenegro 1,056 Siam 7.0
17 Siam 833 Bulgaria 6.5
18 Britain (India) 753 Greece 4.0
19 China 552 Serbia & Montenegro 3.2

3 All Combatants Ranked by National Income $ 1914

Column –

GDP – Gross Domestic Product in $billions

Per-Capita – Average income = GDP / Population in $

Coal Steel Iron Ore Industrial Output
m tons m tons m tons % world
USA 517 31 42 36%
Germany 154 19 17 16%
Britain 292 9 10 14%

4 Major Powers – Industrial Capacity

Sources for statistics

Savereo John 2017

 

 

Great War Statistics – Economic and Military

Military Balance – Population, Size of Military, Size of Navy

Casualties – Military and Civilian

The Economic Balance of the Combatants in 1914 – GDP, Per-Capita Income, Foreign Trade, Industrial Capacity

The Cost of the Great War – Government Spending, Loss of Production, Subsidies from Britain and USA to other Entente Powers

Britain the World’s Banker in 1913 – British Investments Overseas in 1913

Sources for statistics

 

Savereo John 2017