The War of the Spanish Succession

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The Battle of Vigo Bay in 1701

War of the Spanish Succession (1701 – 1714)
This major conflict raged for 13 years at the beginning of the century and contained two of the three largest battles fought anywhere in the world in the 18th Century – Oudenarde in 1708 and Malpauquet in 1709, both of which had about 160,000 combatants.

Great Britain was a major player, Winston Churchill’s ancestor, the Duke of Marlborough, commanded the Allied armies at both Oudenarde and Malpauquet and many British troops took part. The Act of Union in 1707 occurred during the war and at the outset England and Scotland were listed as separate combatants. It was mostly fought in western Europe but had a North American theatre with small detachments of British and French regular troops with colonial militia and Native American allies; Iroquois in the case of the British and Wakaniki in the French case. This was a small-scale war in the wildernesses for control of key towns and forts, known also as Queen Anne’s war.
Conflict arose when Charles II, the last Hapsburg King of Spain died childless in 1700, having left his throne to his grandnephew Philip, Duc d’Anjou, the second eldest grandson of King Louis XIV of France. Other great powers were alarmed by the extension of French power into Spain and formed a Grand Alliance to press the claim of a Hapsburg candidate – Austrian Archduke Charles.

Spain divided along tribal lines, with Castille, including Madrid, supporting the Bourbon Anjou and Aragon (Catalonia) supporting the Hapsburg Charles. Two opposing alliances formed – France, Bavaria, Naples, Sicily and Mantua supported the Bourbon candidate whilst Austria, Britain, Dutch Republic, Prussia, Portugal, Savoy and Hanover supported the Hapsburg claimant, known as the Grand Alliance.

At the battle of Vigo Bay in 1701, a British / Dutch fleet captured a Spanish treasure convoy of 3 ships intact and captured or destroyed its entire French escort fleet of 15 ships of the line; in 1704 2,000 British and Dutch troops attacked and captured Gibraltar.
The Alliance was successful in defeating the Bourbons in continental Europe at the battles of Blenheim, Oudenarde, Malpauquet and Ramillies, albeit at a heavy cost, and overrunning the Spanish Netherlands (Belgium) before staging an invasion of Spain in 1710. The Hapsburg allies however began to falter; the Tories came to power in Britain in the same year with policy of ending the war. Britain ceased military operations in 1712, but the other allies fought on hoping for a greater share of the spoils to offset the huge cost of the war – the main reason that Britain withdrew. The Hapsburg invasion of Spain was defeated at the battle of Villaviciosa in 1710 and Philip confirmed as King. The treaties of Utrecht (1713) and Rastatt (1714) allowed Philip to keep Spain and South America, but he lost most of his European territories to Austria and ceded Gibraltar to Britain.

 

Copyright ©2018 Savereo John

The War of Jenkin’s Ear

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The Battle of Cartagena de Indias (1741)

War of Jenkins’ Ear (1739 – 1748)

Fought between Britain and Spain, this small-scale war took place mostly in and around the Caribbean; its latter stages became subsumed into the War of the Austrian Succession. It is regarded as a Spanish victory. The bizarre name was not used at the time but was invented in Victorian times by Thomas Carlyle; a better name for it is the Spanish version – La Guerra del Asiento (”The Asiento War”). An Asiento was licence to trade in Spanish territories in South America, but those colonies were a closed market, except for one thing – slaves. Essentially it was a licence to sell slaves to the Spanish.

Robert Jenkins of Llanelli was a master mariner whose ship was detained by a Spanish privateer La Guardia in 1731 and accused of smuggling. It is alleged that the Spanish captain Juan de León Fandiño sliced off Jenkin’s ear with a cutlass and bade him show it to King George as an example of how to deal with smugglers. Although reported at the time it attracted little attention until 7 years later it was brought up as a pretext for conflict with Spain by South Sea company interests.

The British South Sea Company was a joint-stock corporation holding a monopoly on South American trade; the British Government was a major shareholder and had established it to pay off public debt. Included in its charter was an Asiento – a licence from the Spanish government to sell African slaves in its territories. Escalating tensions between Britain and Spain led to the withdrawal of the licence; this was a key revenue stream for the company, since South America was a closed market and slaves were practically the only thing they were allowed to sell there. Its removal was a spur to war, as was the opportunity to acquire fresh colonies in the Caribbean. The Jenkins incident became the casus belli (stated reason) for the conflict but protecting and improving revenues of the South Sea Company was the underlying cause.

The war began with a British success; the capture of Porto Bello in Panama in 1739 in a surprise attack by just 6 British warships was celebrated throughout Britain and British America. Portobello Road in London, Portobello district in Edinburgh and Porto Bello in Virginia are all named after it.

After that little went right for the British. Small forces and an unfamiliarity with fighting in the tropics led to mounting losses, many from disease. In 1741 they launched a major amphibious attack on Cartagena de Indias in Columbia by 12,000 marines and 15,000 sailors in 54 ships but were bloodily repulsed with 10,000 dead and 6 ships sunk. This is noted in British histories as Britain’s worst ever defeat at sea. In 1742 a force of British American troops from Georgia failed in an attempt to capture St Augustine in Florida – the failure of Royal Navy to prevent the Spanish from re-enforcing the town was a key factor in the Spanish Victory. A Spanish attempt to invade the colony of Georgia was also defeated in the same year. In 1748, a British force ambushed a treasure fleet and its escorts as it left the harbour Havana, Cuba; it defeated the escorts, but the treasure ships got away. This was the last action of the war.

By now the conflict had become merged into the War of the Austrian Succession which had broken out in Europe, so Britain withdrew its forces from the Caribbean and combat operations ceased. The treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748 formally ended the war, but the issue of the Asiento was not mentioned. This was finally resolved in 1750 with an agreement that Britain would renounce any claim to the Asiento in return for a payment of £100,000 and improved trading rights in South America. This turned out to be to the Company’s advantage; even with an Asiento the Company made surprisingly little money from the slave trade – there was a glut of slaves and the price was low – they made far more from smuggling goods in the slave ships, since Spanish colonies were a closed market for all other goods. Prior to the war the Company had struggled to make a profit; wild expectations of profit growth had pushed up the share price and led to the Financial crash of 1720, known as the “South Sea Bubble”. The ending of its slave trading activities and the opening up of legitimate markets led to a revival in the Company’s fortunes and it finally began to turn a profit and continued to do so until it was wound up in 1853 at the outbreak of the Crimean War.

 

Copyright ©2018 Savereo John

British Battles of the 18th Century – Land

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The Battle of Palashi (Plassey) 1757 part of the Seven Years War

Battle Year Location Troops Conflict Outcome
Siege of St. Augustine (1702) 1702 Florida 1,000 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Gibraltar 1704 Spain 2,400 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Schellenberg 1704 Bavaria 35,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Blenheim 1704 Bavaria 108,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Siege of St. John’s 1705 Newfoundland 500 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
 Siege of Barcelona 1706 Spain n/k War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Ramillies 1706 Belgium 122,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Alamansa 1707 Spain 41,000 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Oudenarde 1707 Belgium 165,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Wijnendale 1708 Belgium 30,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
St John’s 1709 Newfoundland 500 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Malplaquet 1709 France 160,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Almenar 1710 Spain 46,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Saragossa 1710 Spain 50,000 War of the Spanish Succession Allied Victory
Port Royal 1710 Nova Scotia 1,500 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Brihuega 1710 Spain 14,000 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Villaviciosa 1710 Spain 34,000 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Bloody Creek (1711) 1711 Nova Scotia 200 War of the Spanish Succession Bourbon Victory
Preston 1715 England 4,200 Jacobite Rebellion (1715) Hanoverian Victory
Sheriffmuir 1715 Scotland 18,000 Jacobite Rebellion (1715) Inconclusive
Glen Shiel 1719 Scotland 2,100 Jacobite Rebellion (1719) Hanoverian Victory
Porto Bello 1739 Panama n/k War of Jenkins’ Ear British Victory
St. Augustine (1740) 1740 Florida 3,800 War of Jenkin’s Ear Spanish Victory
Gully Hole Creek 1742 Georgia 600 War of Jenkin’s Ear British Victory
Bloody Marsh 1742 Georgia 850 War of Jenkin’s Ear British Victory
La Guaira 1743 Venezuela 3,400 War of Jenkin’s Ear Spanish Victory
Puerto Cabello 1743 Venezuela 6,000 War of Jenkin’s Ear Spanish Victory
Dettingen 1743 Bavaria 58,000 War of the Austrian Succession Allied Victory
Villafranca 1744 Italy 38,000 War of the Austrian Succession French Victory
Siege of Louisbourg (1745) 1745 Nova Scotia 6,500 War of the Austrian Succession Allied Victory
Fontenoy 1745 Belgium 102,000 War of the Austrian Succession French Victory
Prestonpans 1745 Scotland 4,800 Jacobite Rebellion (1745) Jacobite Victory
Falkirk Muir 1746 Scotland 15,000 Jacobite Rebellion (1745) Jacobite Victory
Culloden 1746 Scotland 15,000 Jacobite Rebellion (1745) Hanoverian Victory
Rocoux 1746 Belgium n/k War of the Austrian Succession French Victory
Lauffeld 1747 Netherlands 140,000 War of the Austrian Succession French Victory
Siege of Bergen op Zoom (1747) 1747 Netherlands 40,000 War of the Austrian Succession French Victory
Jumonville Glen 1754 Pennsylvania 100 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Fort Beauséjour 1755 New Brunswick 2,500 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Monongahela Valley 1755 Pennsylvania 2,200 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Fort Bull 1756 New York 400 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Siege of Fort William Henry 1756 New York 10,500 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Fort Oswego (1756) 1756 New York 4,100 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Palashi (Plassey) 1757 Bengal 65,100 Seven Years War East India Company Victory
Hastenbeck 1757 Hanover 95,000 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Bloody Creek (1757) 1757 Nova Scotia 200 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Siege of Louisbourg (1758) 1758 Nova Scotia 25,000 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Carrilion 1758 New York 21,600 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Fort Duquesne 1758 Pennsylvania 1,200 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Fort Ligonier 1758 New York 2,600 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Bergen 1759 Hesse 63,000 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Ticonderoga 1759 New York 11,800 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Fort Niagara 1759 New York 5,700 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Beauport 1759 Quebec 14,000 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Minden 1759 Westphalia 77,000 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Plains of Abraham 1759 Quebec 7,800 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Wandiwash 1760 Tamil Nadu 11,200 Seven Years War East India Company Victory
Sainte-Foy 1760 Quebec 8,800 Seven Years War Pro-French Victory
Warburg 1760 Westphalia 36,000 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Thousand Islands 1760 Ontario 12,000 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Villinghausen 1761 Westphalia 155,000 Seven Years War Pro-British Victory
Manilla 1762 Philippines 19,600 Anglo-Spanish War British Victory
Bushy Run 1763 Pennsylvania 1,000 Pontiac’s Rebellion British Victory
Buxar 1764 Bihar 47,000 The Bengal Wars East India Company Victory
Lexington and Concord 1775 Massachusetts 5,500 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Fort Ticonderoga 1775 New York 250 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Bunker Hill 1775 Massachusetts 5,400 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Siege of Fort St. Jean 1775 Quebec 2,500 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Longue-Pointe 1775 Quebec 400 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Great Bridge 1775 Virginia 1,300 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Quebec 1775 Quebec 3,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Moore’s Creek Bridge 1776 North Carolina 1,900 American Revolutionary War American Victory
The Cedars 1776 Quebec 750 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Trois-Rivières 1776 Quebec 3,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Long Island 1776 New York 30,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Harlem Heights 1776 New York 6,800 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Pell’s Point 1776 New York 4,700 American Revolutionary War British Victory
White Plains 1776 New York 8,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Fort Cumberland 1776 New Brunswick 600 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Trenton 1776 New Jersey 4,000 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Assunpink Creek 1777 New Jersey 11,000 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Princeton 1777 New Jersey 5,700 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Bound Brook 1777 New Jersey 4,500 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Fort Ticonderoga (1777) 1777 New York 10,800 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Oriskany 1777 New York 1,300 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Bennington 1777 New York 4,100 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Brandywine 1777 Pennsylvania 21,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
1st Saratoga 1777 New York 16,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
2nd Saratoga 1777 New York 18,000 American Revolutionary War American Vcitory
Germantown 1777 Pennsylvania 20,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Crooked Billet 1778 Pennsylvania 1,200 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Monmouth 1778 New Jersey 25,000 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Alligator Bridge 1778 Florida 1,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Kettle Creek 1779 Georgia 1,000 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Siege of Fort Vincennes 1779 Indiana 400 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Brier Creek 1779 Georgia 2,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Stony Point 1779 New York 2,200 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Paulus Hook 1779 New Jersey 500 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Newtown 1779 New York 1,200 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Fort Bute 1779 Louisiana 1,400 American Revolutionary War Spanish Victory
Baton Rouge (1779) 1779 Louisiana 1,300 American Revolutionary War Spanish Victory
Siege of Savannah 1779 Georgia 8,200 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Fort Charlotte 1780 Alabama 1,600 American Revolutionary War Spanish Victory
Siege of Charleston 1780 South Carolina 19,300 American Revolutionary War British Victory
St. Louis 1780 Missouri 1,300 American Revolutionary War Spanish Victory
Springfield 1780 New Jersey 7,500 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Camden 1780 South Carolina 6,100 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Fishing Creek 1780 South Carolina 1,000 American Revolutionary War British Victory
First Pollilur 1780 Tamil Nadu 8,000 Anglo-Mysore Wars Mysore Victory
Kings Mountain 1780 South Carolina 2,000 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Mobile 1781 Alabama 1,000 American Revolutionary War Spanish Victory
Cowpens 1781 South Carolina 3,000 American Revolutionary War American Victory
Guilford Court House 1781 North Carolina 6,500 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Siege of Pensacola 1781 Florida 19,000 American Revolutionary War Spanish Victory
Hobkirk’s Hill 1781 South Carolina 2,400 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Groton Heights 1781 Connecticut 1,900 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Eutaw Springs 1781 South Carolina 4,200 American Revolutionary War British Victory
Yorktown 1781 Virginia 27,900 American Revolutionary War American / French Victory
Siege of Negapatam 1781 Tamil Nadu 18,000 Anglo-Mysore Wars East India Company Victory
Second Pollilur 1782 Tamil Nadu n/k Anglo-Mysore Wars East India Company Victory
Blue Licks 1782 Kentucky 500 American Revolutionary War Loyalist / Shawnee Victory
Siege of Toulon 1783 France 50,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory
Hondschoote 1783 France 64,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory
Tourcoing 1794 France 144,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory
Fleurus 1794 Belgium 115,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory
Fallen Timbers 1794 Ohio 4,000 Northwest Indian War American Victory
Cape Colony 1795 South Africa 4,400 First Napoleonic War Allied Victory
Ballymore-Eustace 1798 Ireland 550 United Irishmen Rebellion British / Loyalist Victory
Naas 1798 Ireland 1,200 United Irishmen Rebellion British / Loyalist Victory
Kilcullen 1798 Ireland 750 United Irishmen Rebellion United Irish Victory
Carlow 1798 Ireland 1,700 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Tara Hill 1798 Ireland 4,700 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Oulart Hill 1798 Ireland 4,100 United Irishmen Rebellion United Irish Victory
Three Rocks 1798 Ireland 1,600 United Irishmen Rebellion United Irish Victory
Bunclody 1798 Ireland n/k United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Toberanierin 1798 Ireland n/k United Irishmen Rebellion United Irish Victory
New Ross 1798 Ireland 12,000 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Antrim 1798 Ireland 4,700 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Arklow 1798 Ireland 11,700 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Prosperous 1798 Ireland 650 United Irishmen Rebellion United Irish Victory
Foulksmills 1798 Ireland 6,000 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Vinegar Hill 1798 Ireland 29,000 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Castlebar 1798 Ireland 8,000 United Irishmen Rebellion United Irish / French Victory
Ballinamuck 1798 Ireland 28,000 United Irishmen Rebellion British Victory
Callantsoog 1799 Netherlands 22,000 First Napoleonic War Allied Victory
Krabbendam 1799 Netherlands 48,000 First Napoleonic War Allied Victory
Bergen (1799) 1799 Netherlands 52,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory
Alkmaar (1799) 1799 Netherlands 65,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory
Castricum 1799 Netherlands 52,000 First Napoleonic War French Victory

Battles of the 18th Century with British Involvement

 

Copyright ©2018 Savereo John

Battles of the First World War – Chronological Order

Name Start Location / 1914 Location Combatants Outcome
Liege 04/08/1914 Belgium

96,000

Central Powers Victory
Mulhouse 07/08/1914 France / Germany

75,000

Central Powers Victory
Haelen 12/08/1914 Belgium

8,800

Entente Victory
Lorraine 14/08/1914 France / Germany

935,000

Central Powers Victory
Agbeluvhoe 15/08/1914 Togo / German Togoland

4,142

Entente Victory
Cer 15/08/1914 Serbia

380,000

Entente Victory
Satlluponen 17/08/1914 Russia / Germany

100,000

Central Powers Victory
Gumbinen 20/08/1914 Russia / Germany

340,000

Entente Victory
Namur 20/08/1914 Belgium

142,000

Central Powers Victory
Ardennes Forest 21/08/1914 France

741,000

Central Powers Victory
Charleroi (First Sambre) 21/08/1914 Belgium

495,000

Central Powers Victory
Chra 22/08/1914 Togo / German Togoland

958

Entente Victory
Mons 23/08/1914 Belgium

240,000

Central Powers Victory
Kraśnik 23/08/1914 Poland / Russia

400,000

Central Powers Victory
Maubeuge 24/08/1914 France

95,000

Central Powers Victory
Tepe 25/08/1914 Cameroon / German Kamerun

1,000

Entente Victory
Le Cateau 26/08/1914 France

120,000

Central Powers Victory
Komarów 26/08/1914 Poland / Russia

400,000

Central Powers Victory
Gnila Lipa 26/08/1914 Poland / Russia

900,000

Entente Victory
Mora 26/08/1914 Cameroon / German Kamerun

654

Entente Victory
Tannenberg 26/08/1914 Poland / Germany

380,000

Central Powers Victory
Tsingtao 27/08/1914 China

28,150

Entente Victory
Guise 29/08/1914 France

200,000

Entente Victory
First Garua 29/08/1914 Cameroon / German Kamerun

900

Central Powers Victory
Rawa 02/09/1914 Ukraine / Hungary

300,000

Entente Victory
Grand Couronné 04/09/1914 France

575,000

Entente Victory
First Marne 05/09/1914 France

2,556,000

Entente Victory
Drina 06/09/1914 Serbia

150,000

Draw
Nsanakong 06/09/1914 Cameroon / German Kamerun

1,000

Central Powers Victory
First Masurian Lakes 07/09/1914 Poland / Germany

705,000

Central Powers Victory
Bita Paka 11/09/1914 New Britain / German New Guinea

800

Entente Victory
First Aisne 13/09/1914 France

600,000

Draw
Ukoko 21/09/1914 Gabon / German Kamerun

500

Entente Victory
First Picardy 22/09/1914 France

200,000

Draw
Przemyśl 24/09/1914 Poland / Russia

440,000

Entente Victory
First Albert 25/09/1914 France

200,000

Draw
Sandfontein 26/09/1914 South Africa

4,820

Central Powers Victory
Antwerp 28/09/1914 Belgium

216,300

Central Powers Victory
Warsaw 29/09/1914 Poland / Russia

750,000

Entente Victory
First Arras 01/10/1914 France

190,000

Entente Victory
La Bassée 10/10/1914 France

150,000

Draw
Second Messines 12/10/1914 Belgium

unknown

Draw
Armentières 13/10/1914 France

115,000

Draw
Yser River 16/10/1914 Belgium

280,000

Entente Victory
First Ypres 19/10/1914 Belgium

600,000

Entente Victory
Tanga 03/11/1914 Tanzania / German East Africa

9,000

Central Powers Victory
Basra 11/11/1914 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

15,000

Entente Victory
Łódź 11/11/1914 Poland / Russia

750,000

Draw
Kolubara 16/11/1914 Serbia

880,000

Entente Victory
Limanowa 01/12/1914 Poland / Hungary

215,000

Draw
Qurna 03/12/1914 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

3,100

Entente Victory
First Artois 17/12/1914 France

300,000

Draw
Naulila 18/12/1914 Angola / Portuguese Angola

3,000

Central Powers Victory
Givenchy 18/12/1914 France

135,000

Entente Victory
First Champagne 20/12/1914 France

350,000

Draw
Sarikamish 22/12/1914 Turkey / Ottoman Empire

218,000

Entente Victory
Ardahan 25/12/1914 Turkey / Ottoman Empire

135,000

Entente Victory
Suez Canal 26/01/1915 Egypt

50,000

Entente Victory
Kakamas 04/02/1915 South Africa

12,000

Entente Victory
Second Masurian Lakes 07/02/1915 Poland / Germany

320,000

Central Powers Victory
Neuve Chapelle 10/03/1915 France

90,000

Entente Victory
Shaiba 12/04/1915 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

24,156

Entente Victory
Second Ypres 21/04/1915 Belgium

220,000

Draw
Gallipolli 25/04/1915 Turkey / Ottoman Empire

883,000

Central Powers Victory
Gurin 29/04/1915 Nigeria / British Nigeria

442

Entente Victory
Second Artois 09/05/1915 France

570,000

Draw
Second Garua 31/05/1915 Cameroon / German Kamerun

1,500

Entente Victory
First Isonzo 01/06/1915 Italy / Austria

340,000

Central Powers Victory
Nasiriyeh 27/06/1915 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

10,000

Entente Victory
Ngaundere 29/06/1915 Cameroon / German Kamerun

400

Entente Victory
Bitlis 01/07/1915 Turkey / Ottoman Empire

200,000

Entente Victory
Otavi 01/07/1915 Namibia / German Southwest Africa

4,500

Entente Victory
Second Isonzo 18/07/1915 Italy / Austria

328,000

Draw
Loos 25/09/1915 France

150,000

Draw
Second Champagne 25/09/1915 France

670,000

Central Powers Victory
Third Artois 25/09/1915 France

405,000

Draw
Es-Sinn 28/09/1915 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

25,500

Entente Victory
Ovche Pole 14/10/1915 Serbia

145,000

Central Powers Victory
Morava 14/10/1915 Serbia

286,000

Central Powers Victory
Krivolak 17/10/1915 Serbia / Macedonia

145,000

Central Powers Victory
Third Isonzo 18/10/1915 Italy / Austria

520,000

Draw
Banjo 04/11/1915 Cameroon / German Kamerun

750

Entente Victory
Fourth Isonzo 10/11/1915 Italy / Austria

530,000

Draw
Kosovo 10/11/1915 Serbia

230,000

Central Powers Victory
Ctesiphon 22/11/1915 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

29,000

Draw
Kosturino 06/12/1915 Serbia / Macedonia

105,000

Central Powers Victory
Kut-Al-Amara 07/12/1915 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

74,000

Central Powers Victory
Bolimow 31/12/1915 Poland / Russia

200,000

Draw
Mojkovac 06/01/1916 Montenegro

36,500

Entente Victory
Sheikh Sa’ad 06/01/1916 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

23,330

Entente Victory
Koprukoy 10/01/1916 Turkey / Ottoman Empire

140,000

Entente Victory
Wadi 13/01/1916 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

41,500

Central Powers Victory
First Hanna 21/01/1916 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

40,000

Central Powers Victory
Verdun 21/02/1916 France

2,390,000

Entente Victory
Dujaila 08/03/1916 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

30,159

Central Powers Victory
Fifth Isonzo 09/03/1916 Italy / Austria

506,000

Draw
Lake Naroch 18/03/1916 Belarus / Russia

530,000

Central Powers Victory
Asiago 15/05/1916 Italy

472,000

Draw
Khanaqin 01/06/1916 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

52,500

Entente Victory
Lutsk 04/06/1916 Ukraine / Russia

350,000

Entente Victory
Somme 01/07/1916 France

3,000,000

Entente Victory
Erzincan 02/07/1916 Turkey / Ottoman Empire

200,000

Entente Victory
Kostiuchnówka 04/07/1916 Ukraine / Russia

20,300

Entente Victory
Romani 03/08/1916 Egypt

30,000

Entente Victory
Sixth Isonzo 06/08/1916 Italy / Austria

465,000

Entente Victory
Turtucaia 02/09/1916 Bulgaria / Romania

94,000

Central Powers Victory
Malka Nidzhe 12/09/1916 Macedonia

23,000

Entente Victory
Kaymakchalan 12/09/1916 Macedonia

60,000

Entente Victory
Seventh Isonzo 14/09/1916 Italy / Austria

390,000

Draw
Dobro Pole 15/09/1916 Macedonia

48,100

Entente Victory
First Cobadin 17/09/1916 Romania

290,000

Entente Victory
Eighth Isonzo 10/10/1916 Italy / Austria

510,000

Draw
Second Cobadin 19/10/1916 Romania

350,000

Central Powers Victory
Ninth Isonzo 31/10/1916 Italy / Austria

395,000

Entente Victory
Arges 01/12/1916 Romania

325,000

Central Powers Victory
Second Kut 23/02/1917 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

67,000

Entente Victory
Samarrah 13/03/1917 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

70,000

Entente Victory
First Gaza 26/03/1917 Gaza / Ottoman Empire

26,000

Central Powers Victory
Second Arras 09/04/1917 France

630,000

Entente Victory
Second Asine 16/04/1917 France

1,365,000

Central Powers Victory
Second Gaza 17/04/1917 Gaza / Ottoman Empire

45,000

Central Powers Victory
Tenth Isonzo 10/05/1917 Italy / Austria

600,000

Entente Victory
Second Messines 07/06/1917 Belgium

342,000

Entente Victory
Aqaba 06/07/1917 Jordon / Ottoman Empire

5,750

Entente Victory
Mărăşti 22/07/1917 Romania / Hungary

179,000

Entente Victory
Passchendaele (Third Ypres) 31/07/1917 Belgium

2,085,000

Draw
Mărășești 06/08/1917 Romania

463,000

Central Powers Victory
Eleventh Isonzo 18/08/1917 Italy / Austria

850,000

Draw
Jugla 01/09/1917 Latvia / Russia

252,000

Central Powers Victory
Ramadi 28/09/1917 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

23,500

Entente Victory
Caporetto (Twelfth Isonzo) 24/10/1917 Italy

750,000

Central Powers Victory
Tikrit 05/11/1917 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

45,000

Entente Victory
Mughar Ridge 13/11/1917 Israel / Ottoman Empire

50,000

Entente Victory
Cambrai 20/11/1917 France

270,000

Draw
Third Gaza 01/12/1917 Gaza / Ottoman Empire

14,500

Central Powers Victory
Beersheba 31/12/1917 Israel / Ottoman Empire

19,400

Entente Victory
Lys (Fourth Ypres) 07/04/1918 Belgium

825,000

Central Powers Victory
Third Asine 27/05/1918 France

450,000

Draw
Cantigny 28/05/1918 France

9,000

Entente Victory
Belleau Wood 01/06/1918 France

145,000

Entente Victory
Piave 15/06/1918 Italy

1,725,000

Entente Victory
Le Hamel 04/07/1918 France

12,600

Entente Victory
Second Marne 15/07/1918 France

1,570,000

Entente Victory
Amiens 08/08/1918 France

690,000

Entente Victory
Baku 26/08/1918 Azerbaijan / Russia

20,500

Central Powers Victory
Havrincourt 12/09/1918 France

105,000

Entente Victory
Ephey 18/09/1918 France

270,000

Entente Victory
Fifth Ypres 28/09/1918 Belgium

660,000

Entente Victory
Sharqat 23/10/1918 Iraq / Ottoman Empire

60,000

Entente Victory
Vittorio Vento 24/10/1918 Italy

1,770,000

Entente Victory
Second Sambre 04/11/1918 Belgium

620,000

Entente Victory

Battles of the First World War – by Size

Twenty Largest Battles of the Great War by Size

All figures in 1000’s

Year Location Troops Losses % Victor
Somme 1916 France 4,500 1,055 23% Entente
1st Marne 1914 France 2,556 155 6% Entente
Passchendaele (3rd Ypres) 1917 Belgium 2,040 600 29% Draw
Verdun 1916 France 1,950 700 36% Entente
Piave 1918 Italy 1,725 205 12% Entente
2nd Marne 1918 France 1,680 303 18% Entente
Vittorio Vento 1918 Italy 1,635 120 7% Entente
Chemin des Dames (2nd Aisne) 1917 France 1,365 350 26% C Powers
Lorraine 1914 France 935 nk nk C Powers
Kolubara 1915 Serbia 850 330 39% Entente
11th Isonzo 1917 Italy 850 253 30% Draw
Lys (4th Ypres) 1918 Belgium 825 240 29% C Powers
Gallipolli 1915 Turkey 804 315 39% C Powers
Caporetto (12th Isonzo) 1917 Italy 750 110 15% C Powers
Łódź 1914 Poland 850 125 15% Draw
Warsaw 1914 Poland 741 215 29% Entente
Ardennes Forest 1914 France 741 25 3% C Powers
Gnila Lipa 1914 Poland 707 nk nk Entente
1st Masurian Lakes 1914 Poland 705 135 19% C Powers

 

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