Great War Statistics – The Cost of the Great War

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£m
Britain 7,852
France 5,392
USA 5,028
Russia 5,021
Italy 2,736
British Empire 999
Other Allies 881
Total 27,909

1 Direct Spending by Entente Governments 1914 – 1918 £m

£m
Germany 8,394
Austria-Hungary 4,583
Bulgaria and Ottomans 499
Total 13,476

2 Direct Spending by Central Powers Governments 1914 – 1918 £m

Pre-1914 Post-1918
Japan 20% 13%
France 13% 18%
Canada 11% 11%
Italy 11% 11%
Britain 9% 27%
Germany 8% 12%
Australia 8% 10%
USA 2% 8%

3 Changes in Personal Taxation between 1914 and 1918

 

Government Spending 41,385
Capitalised Value of Lost Lives 14,912
Loss of Production 10,000
Loss of Property 6,658
Loss of Merchant Ships 1,511
Loss to Neutrals 393
War Relief 1
Total 74,860

 

4 Global Cost of the Great War £m

£m
  From Britain From USA Total
Britain 959 959
France 482 634 1,116
Italy 459 354 813
Russia 631 42 673
Belgium 96 76 172
Serbia 20 6 26
Roumania 7 7
Greece 10 10
Cuba 2 2
Liberia 1 1
British Empire + Others 243 243
Total 1,931 2,091 4,022

5 Cash Advances and Loans made by Britain and USA to other Entente Powers £m

 

£m
USA +278.5
Japan +183.0
Spain +84.0
Argentina +49.0
Netherlands +41.0
Switzerland +12.5
Uruguay +10.0
Sweden +10.0
Denmark +9.0
Canada +9.0
Norway +4.5
Australia +1.0
Greece +0.5
New Zealand 0.0
South Africa -0.5
Finland -0.5
Bulgaria -1.0
Portugal -1.5
Belgium -4.0
Roumania -7.0
Italy -19.0
France -25.0
Britain -42.0
Austria-Hungary -55.0
Germany -123.0

6 Changes in Gold Reserves 1914 – 1918 £m

Sources for statistics

Savereo John 2017

 

 

Great War Statistics – Casualties

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Combatant Deaths % Total % Pop
Germany 2,000,000 24.8% 3.0%
Russia 1,700,000 21.1% 1.0%
France 1,358,000 16.8% 3.4%
Austria-Hungary 1,100,000 13.6% 2.3%
Britain (UK Only) 761,000 9.4% 1.7%
Italy 400,000 5.0% 1.1%
Ottoman Empire 375,000 4.7% 1.6%
Britain (Empire) 252,000 3.1% 0.1%
USA 114,000 1.4% 0.1%
Total 8,060,000

1 Total Military Deaths by 1918

Columns –

Deaths

% Total – Percentage of total military deaths

% Pop – Percentage of pre-war population

At Sea / Air Raids 110,000
Belgium 30,000
Roumania 800,000
Germany 813,000
Austria & Serbia 1,000,000
Russia 2,000,000

2 Total Civilian Deaths by 1918

Napoleonic Wars 1790 – 1815 233
Taiping Rebellion 1851 – 1866 3,632
Crimean War 1854 – 1856 1,075
American Civil War 1861 – 1865 518
Prusso-Danish War 1864 22
Prusso-Austrian War 1866 1,125
Franco-Prussian War 1870 – 1871 876
Boer War 1899 – 1902 10
Russo-Japanese War 1904 – 1905 292
Balkan War 1912 – 1913 1,941
Great War 1914 – 1918 5,509

3 Ten Major Wars – Comparison of Losses per Day

Sources for statistics

Savereo John 2017

Great War Statistics – General Military

Military Balance

Military k Navy k Tons People m % Forces
France 3,700 665 39.8 9.3%
Britain 975 2,158 45.7 2.1%
Russia 5,970 271 170.1 3.5%
Japan 800 520 55.1 1.5%
Belgium 216 0 7.6 0.1%
Serbia 200 0 3.0 6.6%
Entente 1st Wave 11,861 3,614 321.3 3.7%
Germany 4,500 952 67.0 6.7%
Austria-Hungary 3,000 222 47.5 6.3%
Ottoman Empire 600 100 23.0 2.6%
Central Powers 8,100 1,274 137.5 5.9%
Italy 1,251 285 35,420 3.5%
USA 140 774 96,500 0.1%
Entente 2nd / 3rd Wave 1,391 1,059 131,920 1.1%

1 – First Wave Combatants – Military Balance in 1914

Columns –

Military k – Size of armed forces in 1,000’s

Navy k tons – Size of Navy by tonnage

People m – Population in millions (home territory only – excludes overseas possessions)

% Forces – Percentage of the population under arms (= Military / Population)

Battleships  / crusiers Cruisers Destroyers Sub’s k tons
Britain + Dominions 59 107 301 65 2,158
France 25 39 83 55 665
Japan 17 34 50 12 520
Russia 4 10 21 11 271
Entente 105 190 455 143 3,614
Germany 36 54 144 28 952
Austria-Hungary 12 13 25 6 222
Ottoman Empire 2 3 8 0 100
Central Powers 50 70 177 34 1,274
USA 31 25 51 30 774
Italy 12 15 36 19 285
Second / Third Wave 43 40 87 49 1,059

2 – Comparative Naval Strengths 1914

Columns –

Battleships / Cruisers – Battleships and Battlecruisers of all types, including pre-Dreadnaught

Cruisers – Types including Light, Armored and Protected

Destroyers

Submarines

k Tons – Tonnage in 1,000’s

Sources for statistics

Savereo John 2017

 

Great War Statistics – Economic and Military

Military Balance – Population, Size of Military, Size of Navy

Casualties – Military and Civilian

The Economic Balance of the Combatants in 1914 – GDP, Per-Capita Income, Foreign Trade, Industrial Capacity

The Cost of the Great War – Government Spending, Loss of Production, Subsidies from Britain and USA to other Entente Powers

Britain the World’s Banker in 1913 – British Investments Overseas in 1913

Sources for statistics

 

Savereo John 2017